2017_2 TMA Solutions: INR461 - Human Rights

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2017_2 TMA Solutions: INR461 - Human Rights

Postby admin » Thu Apr 26, 2018 7:46 am

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1 ____ provides the natural environment for the protection and effective realization of Human Rights

Demo cracy


2 The three major world regions with their own human rights conventions includes the following but one

Asia


3 Every state􀳦??s Foreign Policy, pertaining to Human Rights is largely shaped by its____

Political culture


4 The greatest expected beneficiaries of MDGs and SDGs are

The developing and least developed countries


5 Eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for___

Sustainable develo pment


6 All these are Mellenium Development Goals except

Improvement on global trade


7 Declaration on the Right to Development was proclaimed but one of these countries voted against the resolution

USA


8 The adoption of the Declaration on the Right to Development in 1986 was done by____

United Nations General Assem bly (UNGA)


9 The rights-based approach ___ to demand justice as a right, not as a charity, and it gives communities a moral basis from which to claim international assistance where needed

Empowers pe ople


10 The process of enlarging people􀳦??s choices to live better is best known as_____

Human developmen t


11 _____ has succeeded Millennium Development Goals as a UN development agenda

Sustainable Development Goals


12 The architecture of the United Nations is built on the following pillars except

Trade


13 The real wealth of Nigeria is

Nigerians


14 One of these was not among the early and important champions of the rights-based approach witnin the UNO

WHO


15 UN Secretary- General in 1997 called on all entities of the UN system to___human rights into their activities and programmes

Mainstream


16 The ____ emerged as a new development paradigm in the 1990s

Human Rights-based approach


17 The Vienna World Conference on Human Rights in _____

1993


18 ____ define and defend the future of the human race, being an essential component to achieving sustainable human development

Human Rights


19 Human rights have become a more important aspect of development policy and programming since the end of the__

Cold War


20 Human Rights and___ have been central and indivisible pillars of the International Community of Nations since the adoption of the Charter of the United Nations in 1945

Developme nt


21 The African Charter on Human and Peoples􀳦?? Rights was adopted when?

1981


22 ____ is perhaps the most significant cause of the complex problems the world faces; climate change, poverty and resource scarcity

Human population growth


23 No other arena of state intervention is more troubled by deep moral and ethical conflict than that of____

Population policy


24 ______ is one of the most serious but unknown violations of Human Rights

Statelessness



25 The obligation of States not to expel, return refugees to territories where their life or freedom would be threatened is known as

Non-refoulem ent


26 In 1951 most of the world refugees were____

European s


27 "To belong to a sovereign state􀳦?􀳦 is considered to be the most _____ of a person

Primordial right


28 The problem of the world's ____ is among the most complicated issues before the world community today

Refugees and internally d isplaced


29 _____ has become the greatest factor in instigating involuntary departures from homelands

Violence


30 Most of the internally displaced populations are in ____ and are composed largely of women and children

Developing cou ntries


31 Someone who does not enjoy fundamental rights enjoyed by other nationals in their home state is refers to as a

Stateless person


32 People who leave their country of origin for financial reasons, rather than for refugee ones can best be described as

Economi c migrants


33 _____ is the deportation of asylum seekers, sending them back to their original country when they still are in danger

Refoulement


34 One of these groups of people can be described as the most vulnerable and disadvantaged people

Refugees


35 The first appearance of refugees as a mass phenomenon in the world took place at the

End of World War I


36 One of the most intense debates within the human rights community is the one pitting___ against cultural relativists

Universalis ts


37 ____ has been associated with the promotion of the theory of scientific racism, recently

James Wats on


38 _____ is a recurrent product of a historical failure to promote universal rights discourses in practice

Cultural relativism


39 Human rights are universal because they are based on every ____

Human being􀳦??s d ignity


40 At the time of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (􀳦??UDHR􀳦??) in 1948,___ of the United Nations (􀳦??UN􀳦??) voted against it

No member-state

41 The ECOWAS Community Court of Justice is located where?

Abuja, Nigeri a


42 One of these is not a founding member of ECOWAS

Zamb ia


43 The African charter on Human rights Protection was adopted by African Heads of States and
Government of OAU on 27 June, 1981 in _____

Nairobi, Kenya


44 OAS refers to

Organization of American States


45 The primary goal of _____ is the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms

Council of Europe
\

46 _____ is often a reaction against the failings of nations toward human rights protection

Regional human rights protection



47 The body that campaign for human rights to be respected and protected internationally is known As ______

Amnesty International


48 ______ is defined as an independent voluntary association of people with common purpose other than achieving government office, making money or illegal activities.

NGO


49 The term Non Governmental Organization (NGO) came into use formally in _____at United Nations.

1945
\

50 ______ That was the only element of the League of Nations to survive the second World War.

ILO




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Re: 2017_2 TMA Solutions: INR461 - Human Rights

Postby admin » Thu Apr 26, 2018 7:51 am

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51 Over ______ million children between 5 and 14 of age are working worldwide.

200


52 Forced displacement make children the most vulnerable to all except.

Protection


53 Violence Against Women ( VAW ) is same as gender-based violence.

TRUE


54 Today, the ranks of the poor are disproportionately filled with ______ who are heads of households

Single women


55 At the global level, human right are being developed in the framework of ______

United Nations


56 One of the main problems in the ______ is how information is being managed by the legal system

Knowledge a ge


57 _____ human rights are the most controversial of international human rights and involve solidarity among developing states as a group

Third generation


58 Which of these contributed so much to the development and strengthening of economic , social and cultural rights and rights of minorities

20th century


59 ______ stressed the real equality of all people as well as their economic, social and cultural rights to work, education, health and social security

The Socialist view of human righ ts


60 The first generation human rights stress civil and political rights over and against the encroachment of the state on individuals.

TRUE


61 Experience has shown that the longer the displacement lasts, the greater the risk of human rights

Violations


62 The most vulnerable group during wartime are

Women and Children


63 A flood that has displaced many members of a community can be referred as

A natural d isaster


64 ______ is the highest law of the state

Constitution


65 The biggest challenges in the worldwide protection of human right is bridging the gap from

Paper to Practice


66 Jean-Jacques Rousseau major contribution on human right is contained in his work Known as

The Social Contract


67 "Two Treaties of Governance" is the most celebrated work of _____

John Locke


68 How men lived prior to formation of societies can also be described as ______

State of Nature


69 "The Liberty to do or to forbear' is the definition of a Right according to

Thomas Hobbes


70 One of these is not associated with the Natural Right Theory

Vincent Robert


71 The right to _____ obliges state to ensure observance of human rights

Equality


72 In nigera if one is detained for more than 48 hours without trial for a bailable offence, it amounts to abuse of _____

Fundamenta l Human Rights


73 One of these is not a basic principle of Human Rights.

deniability


74 The rights that people are born with and to which everyone has equal entitlement regardless of gender, ethnic origins or beliefs are refers to as

Human Rights


75 Many of the rights and freedoms that are associated with being ______are protected by the Bill of Rights.

Americ an


76 The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen is associated with ______

France


77 In Britain the _____ lays down limits of the powers of the Monarch and sets out the rights of
parliament, the requirement for regular parliaments elections among others.

Bill of Rights


78 Civil war in England between powerful barons and King John ended as the former forced the latter to sign a document known as____

Magna Car ta


79 The modern human rights era can be traced to struggles to end all of these except

Sectionalism


80 Many people regard the development of human rights law as one of the greatest accomplishments of the ____ century

20th century


81 Experience has shown that the longer the displacement lasts, the greater the risk of human rights

Violations


82 The most vulnerable group during wartime are

Women and Children


83 A flood that has displaced many members of a community can be referred as

A natural d isaster


84 ______ is the highest law of the state

Constitution


85 The biggest challenges in the worldwide protection of human right is bridging the gap from

Paper to Practice


86 Jean-Jacques Rousseau major contribution on human right is contained in his work Known as

The Social Contract


87 "Two Treaties of Governance" is the most celebrated work of _____

John Locke


88 How men lived prior to formation of societies can also be described as ______

State of Nature


89 "The Liberty to do or to forbear' is the definition of a Right according to

Thomas Hobbes



90 One of these is not associated with the Natural Right Theory

Vincent Robert


91 The right to _____ obliges state to ensure observance of human rights

Equality


92 In nigera if one is detained for more than 48 hours without trial for a bailable offence, it amounts to abuse of _____

Fundamenta l Human Rights


93 One of these is not a basic principle of Human Rights.

deniability


94 The rights that people are born with and to which everyone has equal entitlement regardless of gender, ethnic origins or beliefs are refers to as

Human Rights



95 Many of the rights and freedoms that are associated with being ______are protected by the Bill of Rights.

Americ an


96 The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen is associated with ______

France


97 In Britain the _____ lays down limits of the powers of the Monarch and sets out the rights of
parliament, the requirement for regular parliaments elections among others.

Bill of Rights


98 Civil war in England between powerful barons and King John ended as the former forced the latter to sign a document known as____

Magna Car ta


99 The modern human rights era can be traced to struggles to end all of these except

Sectionalism


100 Many people regard the development of human rights law as one of the greatest accomplishments of the ____ century

20th century




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