2017_1 TMA Solutions: LIN111 - Introduction to Linguistics I

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Jed
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2017_1 TMA Solutions: LIN111 - Introduction to Linguistics I

Postby Jed » Tue Jan 16, 2018 12:52 pm

2017_1 TMA Solutions: LIN111 - Introduction to Linguistics I


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1 The behavioural pattern of animals to speech is characterised by all but one of the following

creation


2 A main difference between the linguistic performance of humans and animals is

Production of an infinite number of sentences


3 One of the following statements is NOT true

Animals can communicate in the same way as humans


4 The various experiments conducted with chimpanzees show that the human language is

Specie-specific


5 ‘Aphasia’ is an example of__________

Communication and memory loss


6 People who communicate using sign language are called ________

signers


7 The fourth element of a sign in the acronym HOLME stands for __________

Movement


8 Sign language differs from human language because it uses __________ communication.

Manua l


9 Humans are capable of producing new sentences because ______

They are biologically endowed


10 The human language is specie-specific because it is __________

Unique to humans


11 English uses prepositions while Navajo uses postpositions'. This is an example of a language_______

specific


12 ‘All languages change over time’ is an example of a language

universal


13 Linguistic research grew in the late 18th and 19th century particularly in the area of _______.

Historical linguistics


14 The development of linguistics as a science was characterised by ______ major phases.

3


15 The main focus of linguistics in its first phase of development was

Grammar


16 The term ‘linguistics’ evolved in the _________ century

19th


17 The accepted system of symbols and rules for writing a language is known as_______

Orthograp hy


18 Language makes use of _______ to express ideas

a system of arbitrary and conventional signs


19 The relationship between language and linguistics is that language is the _________ of study for linguistics

Object


20 Competence in more than one language makes you a____

Polyglot





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Jed
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Joined: Tue Oct 10, 2017 6:37 pm
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Re: 2017_1 TMA Solutions: LIN111 - Introduction to Linguistics I

Postby Jed » Tue Jan 16, 2018 1:04 pm

Email: solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Email: solutions2tma@gmail.com
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1 The difference in the production of /ʤ/ and /ʒ/ is ______

manner of articulation


2 In English, /fɛrı/ and/[vɛrı/, /hɔt/ and /hɑt/ are ___________

allophonic pairs


3 In English, /d/ in /dɛn/ 'den' and /ð/ in /ðɛn/ 'then'are ________

in complementary distribution


4 [+ consonantal + continuant] describe _________

fricatives


5 [+ consonantal - continuant] describe _______

stops


6 [+consonantal + sonorant] describe _______

nasal consonants


7 [-consonantal + syllabic] describe __________

vowels


8 Which of the following is NOT likely to serve a syllabic function in English?

/g/


9 The sound [j] is called __________

a Palatal approximant


10 The _______ is the basic unit of phonological study.

phone me

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11 is an example of a________

voiced bilabial sto p


12 [ʔ] is an example of a _______

glottal stop


13 [ƙ] is an example of a _______

voiceless velar ejectiv e


14 [ð] is an example of ______

voiced dental fricative


15 [ɲ] is an example of a ________

palato-alveolar na sal stop


16 [r] is a an example of an __________

alveolear tril l


17 ____ are articulators involved in the production of /t/

alveolar ridge an d tongue


18 ____ are articulators involved in the production of /Ɵ/

teeth and tongue


19 ____ are articulators involved in the production of /k/

tongue and ve lum


20 Phonetic transcription refers to representing sounds using ______ symbols

phonetic




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Jed
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Joined: Tue Oct 10, 2017 6:37 pm
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Re: 2017_1 TMA Solutions: LIN111 - Introduction to Linguistics I

Postby Jed » Tue Jan 16, 2018 1:09 pm

1 Using the constituent analysis method, identify the constituents in the sentence below sentence: \r\n [A [BThe manB] [C[DfoundD] [Ethe
wristwatchE]C]A]\r\n[C] is a _________

Verb

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2 Using the constituent analysis method, identify the constituents in the sentence below sentence: \r\n [A [BThe manB] [C[DfoundD] [Ethe
wristwatchE]C]A]\r\n[E] is a ________

Noun phrase


3 Using the constituent analysis method, identify the constituents in the sentence below sentence: \r\n [A [BThe manB] [C[DfoundD] [Ethe
wristwatchE]C]A]\r\n [A] is a _______

Sentence


4 The sounds /kp/ and /gb/ occur in these languages except.......

English


5 The orthographic representation of /si:/ is _______

Sea and see


6 Study of the physical properties of sounds is called_______phonetics

Acoustic


7 Identify the ungrammatical sentence:

Aisha cried the baby


8 Identify the ungrammatical sentence:

Humpty dumpty sat the wall


9 Identify the ungrammatical sentence:

The patient discharged from the hospital


10 The grammar that studies the use of structures as they should be used is _________

Prescriptive gramma r

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11 The grammar that studies the use of parts of speech to identify words in sentences is

Traditional grammar


12 One of the following is NOT a type of grammar

Pedagogical grammar


13 When a sentence is well formed in a language, _________ has been adhered to.

Syntactic rules


14 One of the following correctly defines ‘syntax’

Syntax is the part of grammar that represents speakers’ knowledge of senten ces


15 ________ defined grammar as a native speaker’s knowledge of the language

Rodham Fromki n


16 One of the following defines ‘grammar’

Grammar is a system by which a speaker creates sentenc es


17 The focus of early studies of grammar was on _________

Word classification


18 The study of grammar was first conducted by_______

Philosophers


19 Formal descriptions of language was known as _________ in the 4th and 5th BC

Traditional grammar


20 Early formal descriptions of languages were conducted in all except one of these languages

Engli sh

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Jed
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Joined: Tue Oct 10, 2017 6:37 pm
Contact:

Re: 2017_1 TMA Solutions: LIN111 - Introduction to Linguistics I

Postby Jed » Tue Jan 16, 2018 1:17 pm

Email: solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Email: solutions2tma@gmail.com
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1 Arrange the following processes of language planning in the correct order\r\n1.Acceptance 2. Implementation 3. Codification 4.
Elaboration

3421


2 In Nigeria, English is a _____

Second language


3 __________ is a language that is learned not acquired

Mother tongue


4 ‘Won ni ko make provision’ meaning 'They said he/she did not make provision' is an example of

Code mixing


5 /ʃɔʃ/ for ‘church’ is an example of _______

Phonological interference


6 The co-existence of English and Hausa in the North is an example of _________

Bilingualism


7 The presence of two varieties of a language used for distinct functions is called _________

diglossia


8 The view that languages are infinitely structurally diverse is the premise of_________

Linguistic relativity


9 The terms, ‘vertically challenged, ladies’ room, ethnic cleansing are examples of _________

euphemisms


10 A language that evolves as means of communication between groups of people who have no language in common is called a _________

Pidgin


11 Swahili is an example of a _______

Lingua franca
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12 The Ijesha dialect of Yoruba is an example of a _______

Non-standard va riety


13 The following words, ‘WLAN (wide local area network), CPU (Central Processing Unit), RAM (Random Access memory), gigabyte’ etc are examples of ________

Jargon


14 The differences between this pair of sentences is a difference in __________\r\nGood morning, may I know if the Vice Chancellor is available?\r\nHello, is the Vice Chancellor in?

Register


15 The sentence, ‘He aint seen nothing yet’ is an example of the influence of ________ on language

Ethnicity


16 The difference between these pairs of words: Count/ Countess; Heir / heiress; Christian/ Christine is that they are marked for ______

Gen der


17 Differences among speakers of Nigerian English is based on _________

Education



18 Dialects that distinguish the working class from the middle class in Great Britain is an example of __________

Social stratification


19 Interaction between language and society produces _______

variatio n


20 The function of language that emphasises the informative and connotative aspects is______

transac tional

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