2017_1 TMA Solutions - PED221, Developmental Psychology

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Adebisi
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2017_1 TMA Solutions - PED221, Developmental Psychology

Postby Adebisi » Sat Feb 10, 2018 5:42 pm

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1 At what stage of psychosexual development does Oedipus complex occur

Phallic stage


2 The focus of pleasurable body zone at the phallic stage of psychosexual development is at the

Genitals


3 Which of these options is incorrect

There are variations in development such that some children follow orderly sequence others do not


4 Which of these personalities is associated with developmental task

Havighust


5 Identify the correct sequential order of psychosexual stages of human development: [a] Oral Phallic [c] Anal [d] Genital [e] Latency

acbed


6 The best method to study the physical emotional, mental language and social developmental
characteristics of children is through

Longitudinal approach


7 Heredity refers to the biological factors which contribute to the development of the individual through the process of what

Cell division


8 The human has a pattern of development and these patterns form the basic principles of development

TRUE


9 The raw material for learning is provided by

Maturation


10 Which of these is the correct option regarding growth and development

Both terms have different meaning though used inter changeably


11 Which of the following terms is not associated with social learning theory

Positive reinforcement


12 Which of these statements is correct

In instrumental conditioning the behavio ur is emitted while in classical; conditioning it is elicited


13 Select the correct option

The id Appears followed by ego then the sup er ego


14 The id is known as the

Pleasure Principle


15 The Modern stand on naturenurture controversy is that

Heredity interacts with environment to produce behaviors


16 According to environmentalist

If your father is a genius, you are automatically a genius


17 In addition to naturenurture controversy, other areas debated have been all of these expect

Proximodistal vs cephal ocaudal


18 Which of these is incorrect about ego defense mechanisms

They are used to protect the id that children develop as part of personality development


19 The custodian of the rules and values of environment is known as

Super ego


20 Two concepts associated with the law of the development direction are

Proximodistal and cephalocaudal directional dev elopement





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Adebisi
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Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
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Re: 2017_1 TMA Solutions - PED221, Developmental Psychology

Postby Adebisi » Sat Feb 10, 2018 5:46 pm

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
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1 Projection as a defense mechanism occurs when

An individual ascribes his unacceptable behaviour to others


2 Heredity refers to the biological transmission of traits from parents to offspring through

Genes


3 Which of these personalities is associated with the concept of developmental tasks

Havighust


4 Which of these provides the raw material for learning and orderly behaviour

Maturation


5 Piaget identified four basic elements in development which include all of these except

Heredity


6 the main difference between growth and development is that

While growth refers to quantitative changes development refers to both qualitative and quantitative changes
While growth refers to increase in size height and weight development is the progressive sequence of
orderly changes
Both refer to changes and the processes are interrelated and interdependent on each
***All of the above


7 which of these is not a concept mostly used in Developmental Psychology

Curriculum


8 The field of human development is regarded as

Developmental psyc hology


9 At which stage of cognitive development does a child make use of hypotheticodeductive
method of reasoning

formal operational stage


10 One of these is not included in Piaget's cognitive structure

intellectual schemata


11 One of these is not associated with Bandura's social learning theory

conditioning learn ing


12 Children suppress most of their infantile sexual feelings at one of these stages

latency stage


13 The conscience part of the mind is known as the

super ego


14 Developmental task refers to

social expectations for each developmental stag e


15 Which of these describes the stage in psychosexual development when the pleasurable body zone is the anus

anal stage


16 Which of these describes the branch of psychology that is concerned with the study of changes in development from conception to death

developmental psychology


17 Which of the following is the major objective of psychology

to understand and predict behaviour


18 Which of these best describes psychology?

the science of human and animal behaviour
19 Erik Erikson’s ‘initiative versus guilt’ stage of development occurs at

36 years


20 Skinner is to instrumental conditioning as Bandura is to

Observational theory




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Adebisi
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Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
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Re: 2017_1 TMA Solutions - PED221, Developmental Psychology

Postby Adebisi » Sun Feb 11, 2018 12:09 pm

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Whatsapp: 08155572788

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
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1 Which of these is the number of chromosomes in a reproductive cell?

23 units


2 Which of these processes describes the division of germ cells to produce the sperm or the

meiosis


3 The cephalocaudal law describes the

Headtofoot direction


4 Which principle of development describes the fact that every child has a unique rate of development

the priniciple of individual difference


5 One major goal of child psychology is to identify how the child develops

cognitively


6 Which of these statements is correct?

in instrumental conditioning, the behaviour is emitted by the organism


7 Which of these does not appropriately define what 'growth' means

qualitative changes in bodily dimensions


8 This syndrome occurs as a result of inbalance in the distribution of X chromosomes

Klinefelter's syndrome


9 Which of these is not a chromosomal disorder

Tanner's syndrome


10 Hereditarians believe if a mother's IQ is low

her children will have low IQ


11 According to Piaget, the process by which a child combines existing schema into new and more complex cognitive structures is known as

O rganization


12 When a child has three chromosomes at the 21st pair, the child exhibits an abnormality called

Down's syndrome


13 The boy child genotype for sex is described as XY. Which of these determines the sex of the child

the father


14 Which of these explains the process of learning in social learning

abstract modeling


15 Which of these is not an activity that a child in the concrete operational stage will perform?

hypothesizing


16 Which of these made it possible for the organism to learn in Skinner's experiment

reinforceme nt

\
17 Age appropriate task a child is expected to perform at specific stages of development is termed

developmenta l task


18 Which of these mental devices is an individual using when they reject the existence of reality

repression


19 Which of these describes the mental device individuals use to protect themselves from distortion of reality

defense mechanism


20 Human development involves

quantitative and qualitative change s



Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
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Adebisi
Posts: 813
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
Contact:

Re: 2017_1 TMA Solutions - PED221, Developmental Psychology

Postby Adebisi » Sun Feb 11, 2018 12:09 pm

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788



1 A child first cries when hungry, then they indicate hunger by saying ''mummy food'', then later
''mummy i want tea''. This pattern illustrates the principle of

general to specific


2 The superego operates on

pleasure principle
reality principle
both pleasure and reality priciples
***none of the above


3 The observation that one 12month

individual difference


4 Which of these is not involved in development

maturity


5 Developmental psychology is concerned with the study of

changes in development from birth to death


6 Which one of these is a social characteristic of adolescents

search for identity


7 Which of these is not a developmental task of adolescents

eliminating body waste appropriately


8 Erik Erikson psychosoial stage of development called 'Autonomy and Shame and doubt' corresponds to which of these ages

13 years


9 When an individual exhibits a convincing reason for doing something that is unacceptable, they are employing a defense called

rationaliza tion


10 Which one of these is a mental characteristic of adolescents?

hypothesis testing


11 which of these describes the process by which the child interpretes new experience by incorporating it into its existing scheme

assimilation


12 Which of these Freudian personality structures operates on pleasure principle

the id


13 Which of these ages corresponds to Freud's genital stage of psychosexual development

12 18 years


14 Which of these is typical of the experimental method

control of variable


15 Which of these sex genotype belongs to a boy child

XY


16 Which of these data collecting instruments is most suitable in a large scale survey

questionnair e


17 Which of these describes the birth that results when fertilized ovum splits into two before cell
multiplication

identical t wins


18 Which one of these is a function of genes?

genes instruct chemicals that deter mine human behaviour


19 Every human cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes except

germ cells


20 Heredity refers to

trait transmission





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