2017_2 TMA Solutions: PCR362 - Urban Violence and Security

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2017_2 TMA Solutions: PCR362 - Urban Violence and Security

Postby admin » Sun Apr 22, 2018 8:31 am

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1 Most of the world's religions like Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, etc, flourish much more in the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... centre than they do in the rural areas

urban


2 A situation whereby a person arrogates power to himself due to the control he has on certain vital resources in the society is called-------

Reward Power


3 A rebellion against a government is called------

Insurrectio n



4 City life is a movement, and the movement is physically attached to a-----------

Transportation sys tem


5 Which of the following is not among the three inter-related components of conflict ?

Domina tion


6 In the developing countries, juvenile delinquency and crime have become endemic in urban centres, this is as a result of gradual decline of the following except Identify incorrect option

Lack of infrastructure


7 Diamond and􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. see multi-track diplomacy as an approach of that encompasses different tracks of conceptual and practical frameworks for ensuring peace building.

McDo nald


8 Wide availability of labour in the cities can lead to ------.

Cheap labour


9 Sigmund Freud described the destructive tendencies in human beings as a product of a ------- between the instincts associated with life and survival that is called Eros.

Dialectical struggle


10 Which of the following is not among the social vices that motor park touts are usually involved in ?

Conventional dress styles


11 The unseen bodies, or entities in a conflict situation that are difficult to identify and are not directly involved but are often difficult to identify, but they have a vested interest in the conflict are referred to as -

Shadow


12 A state or society is said to be --------when its protective mechanisms like curbing, controlling and monitoring external and internal aggression are successfully carried out.

Secure


13 A deliberate unlawful act committed by individuals or organisations with the aim of embarrassing or undermining a government and its security machinery, so as to create a general feeling of poor security in a society is-------

Sabotage


14 Areas thatt are over populated in a region and are generally occupied by poor people, living in substandard conditions are called--------

Slums


15 Identify among the options below the one that is not part of the three components or features of communication.

Collaboration


16 The following people are examples of such individuals that have been involved in peacemaking and peaceduilding processes except -------

Charles Taylor


17 A situation in which a city is undergoing horizontal growths, spilling out of its previous borders, and experiencing a slow pace in development is referred to as what?

Urban sprawl


18 Hard and asymmetrical power usually produces -------- conflict.

Violent


19 What transport business has become an important source of employment for the young men who are unemployed?

Mot orcycle


20 Close to half of the world's population lives in urban centres, especially in the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... countries

Developed





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Re: 2017_2 TMA Solutions: PCR362 - Urban Violence and Security

Postby admin » Sun Apr 22, 2018 8:34 am

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21 The following are causes domestic violence of except-------

Understanding


22 The way a society is being structured determines its􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..and reflects what is obtainable in such a society

Status


23 A symbolic representation of what actually occurs in aconflict situation is called-------

Legend


24 The following are types of Negotiation except-------

Governmen t


25 The absence of fear, threats, anxiety, tension and apprehension of losing life, liberty, property or other important goals and values is known as---------

Security


26 An urban settlement arrangement where the urban structural pattern is rounded or squared in
shape, and its structural components are clustered or close together with definite motorable roads and many footpaths is called---------

Compact Patte rn


27 Urban settlement patterns consist of the following three basic shapes except one Identify the correct option

Megalopolis patte rn


28 The assertion that says "when followers fail to exercise the power they possess over their leaders, especially electorate power, the leaders most often simply assume that they have the legitimacy to engage in political criminality and irregularities" was---------

Scratio n and Chadwick


29 There are three different types of peace enforcement charters in the United Nation peace
enforcement conflict management framework. Pick the incorrect option.

Charters IX


30 Underdevelopment in􀳦?􀳦.. Areas especially in the developing countries undermines national developmen efforts.

Rural


31 This is regarded as being unassertive and uncooperative.

Avoidance


32 A peaceful conflict management systems that explore less painstaking and least expensive means of managing conflict satisfactorily s known as------

Alternative Dispute Resolution


33 Prominent among the assaults on human life in the cities of developing countries are the ---- accidents and deaths

Tra ffic


34 Urbanisation is distinguished in two ways; physically and --------

Socially


35 The use of a certain symbol to describe or reflect a given conflict situation is called ---------

Mappin g


36 The common features of ----------areas are land insecurity, poor living conditions, unemployment, increase in crime rate and accelerated population growths


Slum


37 The ritual sanctions were deeply rooted in the people's religions that are described as --------

The engine of law


38 According to Maslow which of the following is not among the components of psychological needs or factors that cause conflict?

Functional utility


39 A conflict within a nation that involves different ethnic groups within that nation is referred to as ----

Intra-national Conflict


40 The most densely populated commercial and economic capital in Nigeria is---

Lagos






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Re: 2017_2 TMA Solutions: PCR362 - Urban Violence and Security

Postby admin » Sun Apr 22, 2018 8:37 am

41 A concentrated dotted point in a circle with a 􀳦??C􀳦?􀳦 means 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

Shadow Party


42 An attempt to satisfy one􀳦??s own needs and a desire at the expense of other persons in a
relationship, due to the incompatible goals and values perceived is known as-----

Assertiveness


43 An expected situation where the deep-rooted sources of conflict are addressed and resolved is known as ------

Con flict resolution


44 According to -------- Urban transport problems are characterised by accidents, commuters having to wait for long periods at bus- stops, pollution from vehicles, traffic congestion and related parking problems

kporukp o


45 The behavioral, attitudinal and situational needs that cannot be seen but which affect the psyche of the individual is known as ------

Psychological needs


46 The ability and capacity to control others through the fear of punishment or the loss of valued
outcomes is referred to as what?

Coercive powe r


47 Fisher et. al defines ------- as a structured process of dialogue between the conflicting parties about issues in which their opinions differ.

Negotiation


48 There are three types of identifiable sanctions, especially in West Africa. Identify the odd option.

Economic sanct ion


49 In the developing countries, juvenile delinquency and crime have become endemic in urban centres, as a result of gradual decline of the following except . Identify incorrect option.

Lack of infrastructure


50 In most African societies the land is ------ to the people such that they can hardly part with their landed property or trade it off

Sacred


51 According to Sigmund Freud the instincts associated with death are called ----- .

Thanat os


52 A type of power that is willingly conferred on the leader by the subordinates because of the
leader􀳦??s distinguished service to humanity, and as a result of the degree of reverence that the people have for him is called-------

Referent Power:


53 The strategies required for the peaceful existence of the society are called-------strategies

Conflict m anagement


54 The full meaning of the acronym SAP is -------

Structural Adjustment Progra mme


55 The ------ is supposed and expected to be an arena of love, peace, harmony and tranquility where members will naturally find a haven to rest after a tension soaked and stressful working day.

Family



56 The movement of people from rural to urban areas, which results to growths of the cities or urban centres at the expense of the rural population and development is known as -----

Urbanisa tion


57 Osaghae (1994:4), differentiates or identifies two types of violence namely progressive violence and --- ---- violence.

Destructiv e


58 The conflict stage is referred to as a conflict process or conflict ---------

Progression


59 The majority of the populace in urban centres especially in the developing countries live in
substandard environments that are known as -----.

Slums


60 The post conflict peace building stage that encompasses programmes like Disarmament,
Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) is called -------

Transformation s tage



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Re: 2017_2 TMA Solutions: PCR362 - Urban Violence and Security

Postby admin » Sun Apr 22, 2018 8:40 am

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61 The acronym NRC stands for?

Nigerian Railway Corporation


62 Which of the following is not among the three identified types of negotiation?

Conciliation or Bargaining


63 The-------- is always exercising legitimate or an authoritative power, and enjoying enough resources, jurisdiction, sovereignty, monopoly of coercion and compelling of obedience

Gove rnment


64 The followings are effects of violent conflict on security except-------

Trust


65 Which of the following are among the causes of urbanization, identiy the correct option

low standards of living
greater job opportunitie s
economic needs
***All of the above


66 The assertion that says it is inherent in human nature to be selfish, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short was put up by who?

Thomas Ho bbes


67 The kind of power conferred on a person through the constitution of a society, and coupled with the support and backup of the populace is referred to as -----

Legitimate powe r


68 The conflict between Israel and Egypt was over the -----

Suez Ca nal


69 The conflict that occurs within a person and sometimes depends on a person's past experience or what a person may be undergoing at a certain period is called􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

Intra-personal Confl ict


70 The social miscreants in Lagos are usually referred to as􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

Area boys


71 Multi-track diplomacy as an approach encompasses------ different tracks of conceptual and practical frameworks .

Nine


72 The effects of --------on the political security of any society or state may be disunity, distrust,
disagreement, agitation, and total disharmony

Violence


73 New towns that are deliberatelly built either as new manufacturing centres to relieve the congestion of the old urban centres or as places to re-house people who work in overcrowded urban centres are called?

Resettlement and Satellite To wns:


74 Which of the following is not among the prime movers of rural-urban migration?

Availability of arable land


75 Albert (2001:3), says that ----- is a critical mechanism through which goals and aspirations of
individual groups or groups of individuals are articulated.

Con flict


76 The type of urban centre that is often endowed with manufacturing companies, either for the
processing of raw materials or the production of finished goods is called---

Industrial urban centre


77 According to United Nations definition an urban centre is a city that has ---- or more in population

20,000


78 Identify among the following options the one that is not parts of the effect of urbanization

Natural habitat protecti on


79 A win-lose situation that is very judgmental in nature, which depicts a zero-sum game of the winner takes all is called what?

Adjudicati on


80 Most cities are increasing in population day by day without improving or increasing their carrying capacities and ------

Socia l amenities





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