TMA Solutions: PPL423 - Equity and Trust I

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TMA Solutions: PPL423 - Equity and Trust I

Postby admin » Sat Jun 23, 2018 9:34 am

1 What is the importance of Lord Eldon?

He established a system of precedent in equity


2 The effect of the equitable maxim 'Equity Regards as Done That which Ought to be Done' is shown in Walsh v Lonsdale (1882) 21 LR Ch D 9. The lease in that case was enforceable because􀳦?

A legally enforceable contract may be en forced by specific performance


3 Which of the following is, or are, methods to enforce payment of a judgment?

Garnishment
Imprisonmen t
seizing assets
***A and C


4 Refer again to the facts set out in Question #11. If MMC opts to ask the court for an equitable remedy such as specific performance or an injunction because of Raymond􀳦??s breach, what could prevent MMC from obtaining that remedy?

If Raymond has entered into an ag reement to sell his property to another party who has never heard of MMC
If Raymond had entered into the agreement because of some misrepresentation.
Delaying several months before taking legal action against Raymond
***All of the above.

Q5 The Marathon Mining Corp. (MMC) believes that a vein of gold runs under their property and continues under three neighbouring properties. MMC enters into agreements to purchase the three properties. When Raymond, the owner of property #2􀳦??that lies between properties #1 and #3􀳦?? realizes why MMC wants to buy the properties, he decides that the selling price for his property is too low, and advises MMC that he will not complete the deal. What should MMC do?

Renegotiate the deal with Raymond


6 Why are courts more likely to award the remedy of an injunction, over the remedy of specific performance?

Many orders of specific performance would require court super vision, while courts generally are not required to supervise an injunction


7 Henri is a professional hockey player of great skill. He has been the highest scorer on his team, the Regina Wildcats for three straight years. After his second year, he signed a contract pursuant to which he was to play hockey exclusively for the Wildcats for 4 years for an annual salary of N500 000 per year. At the time he signed the contract it seemed lucrative, but now after establishing himself as a star, he believes he is drastically underpaid compared with others in the league and he decides not to play for the Wildcats
in the third year of his contract unless the team agrees to give him a raise. The Wildcats recognize they need their star player, but believe that a contract is a contract. They launch a lawsuit against Henri for breach of con tract asking the court for the remedy of specific performance. What will be the court􀳦??s response?

To den y the Wildcats any remedy


8 Randy contracted to sell to Ellen the beef from 10 of his cattle, cut into steaks. The contract provided that the meat would be delivered in two equal installments on May 1 and June 1. When the first
installment was delivered, Ellen refused the meat saying it was not good enough quality to serve to her
restaurant customers. The meat was returned to Randy􀳦??s storehouse. If Randy sues Ellen for breach
of contract, what should he do or ask for?

Sell the meat to another buyer to mitigate the losses


9 Which one of the following statements is false?

Specific performance may be awarded if one party fails to carry out his contract of empl oyment


10 Which of the following is a common law remedy?

Damages


11 Which of the following is not a requirement for satisfaction of a debt by a legacy to apply?

Legacy must be equal to or exceed the amount of the debt


12 Which one of the following cases established that promissory estoppel can only be used as a form of
defence and not a cause of action?

Combe v Combe (1951


13 Which one of the following is not clearly necessary in order to rely on the doctrine of promissory estoppel?

The promisee must have acted in reliance on the promise


14 Which one of the following cases did not involve an issue of waiver or promissory estoppel?

Hartley v Ponsonby (1857).


15 Andy and Nnamdi are neighbours. Nnamdi's dog barks in the night and prevents Andy and his family from sleeping at night. Andy has talked with Nnamdi on several occasions about the disturbance.
Keith did not take any measures to prevent the dog from barking throughout the night. Andy has sued
Keith to enjoin the disturbance. The likely result is that an injunction will be:

prohibition


16 What is the meaning of the word 'equity'?

A body of law developed by the Court of Chanc ery



17 Which remedies are only available through the application of equity law?

Injunction an d specific performance.


18 When are equitable remedies available?

Equitable remedies, such as injunctions and specific performance, are available only at the Court's discretion.


19 What distinguishes proprietary estoppel from promissory estoppel?

Proprietary estoppel can be the basis of a claim; promissory estoppel may only be a defence


20 The equitable maxim 'He Who Comes to Equity Must Come with Clean Hands' means that􀳦?

The claimant must not base his/her claim on an illegality or wrongful act


21 Which of the following is not possible?

A beneficiary can also be the testato r



22 The equitable maxim 'Equity Acts in Personam' means that:

The defendant must be within Nigeria



23 Lord Ellesmere was

Chancellor



24 Which of the following would not be an appropriate basis to decide the remedy for proprietary estoppel?

Whatever the judge considers just



25 The equitable maxim 'Equity Follows the Law' means that:

Equity will ensure as far as possible that its own r ules are in line with the common law rules



26 Comparing a trust with a contract brings out some of the basic characteristics of trusts. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a trust?

The beneficiaries may enforce the trusts against th e settlor


27 It has been said, by Lord Denning, among others that 'Equity is not past the age of child bearing'.
What does this mean?

Equity must achieve justice in eac h case


28 What is the importance of Lord Eldon?

He established a system of precedent in equity



29 The effect of the equitable maxim 'Equity Regards as Done That which Ought to be Done' is shown in Walsh v Lonsdale (1882) 21 LR Ch D 9. The lease in that case was enforceable because􀳦?

A legally enforceable contract may be en forced by specific performance


30 Which of the following is, or are, methods to enforce payment of a judgment?

Garnishment
Imprisonmen t
seizing assets
***A and C



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Re: TMA Solutions: PPL423 - Equity and Trust I

Postby admin » Sat Jun 23, 2018 9:38 am

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31 Refer again to the facts set out in Question #11. If MMC opts to ask the court for an equitable
remedy such as specific performance or an injunction because of Raymond􀳦??s breach, what could
prevent MMC from obtaining that remedy?

If Raymond has entered into an agreement to sell his property to another party who has never heard of MMC
If Raymond had entered into the agreement because of some misrepresentation.
Delaying several months before taking legal action against Raymond
***All of the above.



32 An order for delivery up and cancellation of documents is an extension of the equitable jurisdiction founded upon the administration of a protective or preventive justice

true



33 The Judicature Acts 1873-1875 were of major importance for equity. Which of the following did the Judicature Acts not do?

Fuse the systems of co mmon law and equity



34 _______ has been defined as that imaginary process by which a prior notional conversion is reversed or discharged, and the notionally converted property restored in contemplation of equity to its original
actual quality

Reconvers ion



35 Whenever there is no other fair and practicable basis upon which property may be distributed
amongst two or more rival claimants, the court will apply the maxim and divide the property equally
between them and this is known as ______

Equal Div ision


36 Equity was the only jurisdiction exercised in the Chancery

false



37 The essential element that turns a promise into an estoppel is:

The defendant acting to their detriment



38 The equitable maxim 'Equity will not Suffer a Wrong without a Remedy' means that􀳦?

Equitable remedies are flexible and adaptab le



39 What is the significance of a bona fide purchaser of a legal estate without notice?

They are not bound by equitable interests or claims



40 What is the difference between a trust and agency?

Trustees hold trust property, agents do not



41 ________ is a fundamental feature of the remedy of rescission

Resitutio in integrum



42 Prior to 1875, Equity is that body of rules which is administered only by those court which are known
as Courts of Equity

true



43 In what case was it held that that notice that comes to the knowledge of a solicitor in a previous
transaction cannot be imputed to a purchaser in a subsequent transaction.

Okunubi v. Assaf (1951) 13 WACA 226 at 231



44 The concept of "unconscionability" has been used in a number of proprietary estoppel cases. Unconscionability:

Is a unifying element in the doctrine of proprie tary estoppel



45 What is a maxim of equity?

A general basis around which much of the law of equity has form ed



46 How did the Lord Chancellor become a judge?

He dealt with petitions to the king


47 When are equitable remedies available?

Equitable remedies, such as injunctions and specific performance, are available only at the Court's discretion.



48 What distinguishes proprietary estoppel from promissory estoppel?

Proprietary estoppel can be the basis of a claim; promissory estoppel may only be a defence



49 The equitable maxim 'He Who Comes to Equity Must Come with Clean Hands' means that􀳦?

The claimant must not base his/her claim on an illegality or wrongful act



50 Nwakobi v Nzekwu (1964) 1 WLR 1019 is an example of the equitable maxim 'Delay Defeats Equity'.
The claimant (plaintiff) was allowed to bring her case because􀳦?

He had not delayed so long as to make the defendant t hink that they could keep the property



51 What is the importance of the Earl of Oxford's Case (1615) 1 Ch Rep. 1

It established that equity prevail ed over the common law



52 What is the importance of Lord Eldon?

He established a system of precedent in equity



53 The effect of the equitable maxim 'Equity Regards as Done That which Ought to be Done' is shown
in Walsh v Lonsdale (1882) 21 LR Ch D 9. The lease in that case was enforceable because􀳦?

A legally enforceable contract may be en forced by specific performance



54 Which of the following is, or are, methods to enforce payment of a judgment?

Garnishment
Imprisonmen t
seizing assets
***A and C




55 Judicature Acts 1873-1875 abolished all superior courts and estblished how many court divisions

3



56 The principles of conscience are, however, vague and uncertain and unless they are guided within
well-defined limits, they soon lead to a system of justice based soley upon individual and autocratic
discretion.

true



57 Jeffrey Hackney is know for_____

Author of U nderstanding and trust



58 Which of the following would not be an appropriate basis to decide the remedy for proprietary estoppel?

Whatever the judge considers just



59 The equitable maxim 'Equity Follows the Law' means that:

Equity will ensure as far as possible that its own r ules are in line with the common law rules



60 Comparing a trust with a contract brings out some of the basic characteristics of trusts. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a trust?

The beneficiaries may enforce the trusts against th e settlor



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Re: TMA Solutions: PPL423 - Equity and Trust I

Postby admin » Sat Jun 23, 2018 9:44 am

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61 The equitable maxim 'Those Who Come to Equity must do Equity' means􀳦?

The claimant must abide by court directions as to their future conduct



62 Proprietary estoppel or equitable estoppel gives rise to a permanent modification of the rights of the parties and those of their succesors in title and law.

partia lly true



63 It was held in ______that if Personal estate is bequeathed upon trusts for conversion into land to be held on trusts the purpose of which partially fail, the lapsed part of land purchased before or after the
failure goes to the next-of-kin as real estate.

Curteis v. Wormald (1878) 10 Ch.D. 172


64 The concurrent intention of the parties must remain unaltered up till the moment

Of execution of the document which must have been intented to effect the an tecedent agreement


65 Equity took a more lenient view in the case of _________ that an executor would not be liable for the loss of the testator􀳦??s assets, without default in him

Crosse v. Smith (1806) 7 East. 246


66 The Common Law Procedure Acts of ____ , ____ and ____ empowered common law courts to exercise certain jurisdictions originally peculiar and exclusive to the chancery.

1852,1854,1860



67 English law and doctrines of Equity were introduced into Nigeria by means of local legislation. The first of such legislations was Ordinance No.1 of 1863

false


68 Cardinal Wolsey was

Chancello rs



69 Before 1875, The jurisdiction of the Chancery in granting reliefs to the various petitions was based on

conscience
reason
justice in the administration of law
***all of the above



70 The sole purpose of equitable intervention by way of rectification is to

ensure that an instrument which is intended to give expression to the intention of parties is in fact in conformity with that intention



71 An order for delivery up and cancellation of documents is an extension of the equitable jurisdiction founded upon the administration of a protective or preventive justice

True



72 The Judicature Acts 1873-1875 were of major importance for equity. Which of the following did the Judicature Acts not do?

Fuse the systems of co mmon law and equity



73 _______ has been defined as that imaginary process by which a prior notional conversion is reversed or discharged, and the notionally converted property restored in contemplation of equity to its original actual quality

Reconversion



74 Whenever there is no other fair and practicable basis upon which property may be distributed amongst two or more rival claimants, the court will apply the maxim and divide the property equally between them and this is known as ______

Equal Div ision



75 Equity was the only jurisdiction exercised in the Chancery

false



76 In Fagbemi v. Aluko (1968) 1 All NLR 233 at 237, that "in considering the equitable doctrine of laches, the courts does not act only on the delay by the plaintiff, but must also consider _________ and
__________

any change of position that has occured on the defendants part and a cquiscence on the plaintiff's part



77 In what case was it held that that notice that comes to the knowledge of a solicitor in a previous transaction cannot be imputed to a purchaser in a subsequent transaction.

Okunubi v. Assaf (1951) 13 WACA 226 at 231



78 The concept of "unconscionability" has been used in a number of proprietary estoppel cases. Unconscionability:

Is a unifying element in the doctrine of proprie tary estoppel



79 What is a maxim of equity?

A general basis around which much of the law of equity has form ed



80 How did the Lord Chancellor become a judge?

He dealt with petitions to the king



81 Which of the following is not possible?

A beneficiary can also be the testato r



82 The equitable maxim 'Equity Acts in Personam' means that:

The defendant must be within Nigeria



83 Lord Ellesmere was

Chancellor



84 Which of the following would not be an appropriate basis to decide the remedy for proprietary estoppel?

Whatever the judge considers just



85 The equitable maxim 'Equity Follows the Law' means that:

Equity will ensure as far as possible that its own r ules are in line with the common law rules


86 Comparing a trust with a contract brings out some of the basic characteristics of trusts. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a trust?

The beneficiaries may enforce the trusts against th e settlor



87 It has been said, by Lord Denning, among others that 'Equity is not past the age of child bearing'. What does this mean?

Equity must achieve justice in eac h case


88 What is the importance of Lord Eldon?

He established a system of precedent in equity



89 The effect of the equitable maxim 'Equity Regards as Done That which Ought to be Done' is shown in Walsh v Lonsdale (1882) 21 LR Ch D 9. The lease in that case was enforceable because􀳦?

A legally enforceable contract may be en forced by specific performance



90 Which of the following is, or are, methods to enforce payment of a judgment?

Garnishment
Imprisonmen t
seizing assets
***A and C



91 Refer again to the facts set out in Question #11. If MMC opts to ask the court for an equitable remedy such as specific performance or an injunction because of Raymond􀳦??s breach, what could prevent MMC from obtaining that remedy?

If Raymond has entered into an agreement to sell his property to another party who has never heard of MMC
If Raymond had entered into the agreement because of some misrepresentation.
Delaying several months before taking legal action against Raymond
***All of the above.



92 An order for delivery up and cancellation of documents is an extension of the equitable jurisdiction founded upon the administration of a protective or preventive justice

True



93 The Judicature Acts 1873-1875 were of major importance for equity. Which of the following did the Judicature Acts not do?

Fuse the systems of co mmon law and equity



94 _______ has been defined as that imaginary process by which a prior notional conversion is reversed or discharged, and the notionally converted property restored in contemplation of equity to its original actual quality

Reconvers ion



95 Whenever there is no other fair and practicable basis upon which property may be distributed amongst two or more rival claimants, the court will apply the maxim and divide the property equally between them and this is known as ______

Equal Div ision



96 Equity was the only jurisdiction exercised in the Chancery

False


97 The essential element that turns a promise into an estoppel is:

The defendant acting to their detriment



98 The equitable maxim 'Equity will not Suffer a Wrong without a Remedy' means that􀳦?

Equitable remedies are flexible and adaptab le



99 What is the significance of a bona fide purchaser of a legal estate without notice?

They are not bound by equitable interests or claims



100 What is the difference between a trust and agency?

Trustees hold trust property, agents do not





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Posts: 1899
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Re: TMA Solutions: PPL423 - Equity and Trust I

Postby admin » Sat Jun 23, 2018 9:48 am

101 ________ is a fundamental feature of the remedy of rescission

Resitutio in integrum



102 Prior to 1875, Equity is that body of rules which is administered only by those court which are known as Courts of Equity

True



103 In what case was it held that that notice that comes to the knowledge of a solicitor in a previous transaction cannot be imputed to a purchaser in a subsequent transaction.

Okunubi v. Assaf (1951) 13 WACA 226 at 231


104 The concept of "unconscionability" has been used in a number of proprietary estoppel cases. Unconscionability:

Is a unifying element in the doctrine of proprie tary estoppel



105 What is a maxim of equity?

A general basis around which much of the law of equity has form ed


106 How did the Lord Chancellor become a judge?

He dealt with petitions to the king



107 When are equitable remedies available?

Equitable remedies, such as injunctions and specific performance, are available only at the Court's discretion.


108 What distinguishes proprietary estoppel from promissory estoppel?

Proprietary estoppel can be the basis of a claim; promissory estoppel may only be a defence



109 The equitable maxim 'He Who Comes to Equity Must Come with Clean Hands' means that􀳦?

The claimant must not base his/her claim on an illegality or wrongful act



110 Nwakobi v Nzekwu (1964) 1 WLR 1019 is an example of the equitable maxim 'Delay Defeats Equity'. The claimant (plaintiff) was allowed to bring her case because􀳦?

He had not delayed so long as to make the defendant t hink that they could keep the property



111 What is the importance of the Earl of Oxford's Case (1615) 1 Ch Rep. 1

It established that equity prevail ed over the common law



112 What is the importance of Lord Eldon?

He established a system of precedent in equity



113 The effect of the equitable maxim 'Equity Regards as Done That which Ought to be Done' is shown in Walsh v Lonsdale (1882) 21 LR Ch D 9. The lease in that case was enforceable because􀳦?

A legally enforceable contract may be en forced by specific performance



114 Which of the following is, or are, methods to enforce payment of a judgment?

Garnishment
Imprisonmen t
seizing assets
***A and C



115 Judicature Acts 1873-1875 abolished all superior courts and estblished how many court divisions

3


116 The principles of conscience are, however, vague and uncertain and unless they are guided within well-defined limits, they soon lead to a system of justice based soley upon individual and autocratic discretion.

True



117 Jeffrey Hackney is know for_____

Author of U nderstanding and trust



118 Which of the following would not be an appropriate basis to decide the remedy for proprietary estoppel?

Whatever the judge considers just



119 The equitable maxim 'Equity Follows the Law' means that:

Equity will ensure as far as possible that its own r ules are in line with the common law rules



120 Comparing a trust with a contract brings out some of the basic characteristics of trusts. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a trust?

The beneficiaries may enforce the trusts against th e settlor



121 The equitable maxim 'Those Who Come to Equity must do Equity' means􀳦?

The claimant must abide by court directions as to their future conduct



122 Proprietary estoppel or equitable estoppel gives rise to a permanent modification of the rights of the parties and those of their succesors in title and law.

partia lly true



123 It was held in ______that if Personal estate is bequeathed upon trusts for conversion into land to be held on trusts the purpose of which partially fail, the lapsed part of land purchased before or after the failure goes to the next-of-kin as real estate.

Curteis v. Wormald (1878) 10 Ch.D. 172



124 The concurrent intention of the parties must remain unaltered up till the moment

Of execution of the document which must have been intented to effect the an tecedent agreement



125 Equity took a more lenient view in the case of _________ that an executor would not be liable for the loss of the testator􀳦??s assets, without default in him

Crosse v. Smith (1806) 7 East. 246



126 The Common Law Procedure Acts of ____ , ____ and ____ empowered common law courts to exercise certain jurisdictions originally peculiar and exclusive to the chancery.

1852,1854,1860



127 English law and doctrines of Equity were introduced into Nigeria by means of local legislation. The first of such legislations was Ordinance No.1 of 1863

false



128 Cardinal Wolsey was

Chancello rs



129 Before 1875, The jurisdiction of the Chancery in granting reliefs to the various petitions was based on

Conscience
reason
justice in the administration of law
***all of the above



130 The sole purpose of equitable intervention by way of rectification is to

ensure that an instrument which is intended to give expression to the intention of parties is in fact in conformity with that intention




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Posts: 1899
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Contact:

Re: TMA Solutions: PPL423 - Equity and Trust I

Postby admin » Sat Jun 23, 2018 9:53 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
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131 An order for delivery up and cancellation of documents is an extension of the equitable jurisdiction founded upon the administration of a protective or preventive justice

True



132 The Judicature Acts 1873-1875 were of major importance for equity. Which of the following did the Judicature Acts not do?

Fuse the systems of co mmon law and equity



133 _______ has been defined as that imaginary process by which a prior notional conversion is reversed or discharged, and the notionally converted property restored in contemplation of equity to its original actua l quality

Reconvers ion



134 Whenever there is no other fair and practicable basis upon which property may be distributed amongst two or more rival claimants, the court will apply the maxim and divide the property equally between them and this is known as ______

Equal Div ision


135 Equity was the only jurisdiction exercised in the Chancery

false



136 In Fagbemi v. Aluko (1968) 1 All NLR 233 at 237, that "in considering the equitable doctrine of laches, the courts does not act only on the delay by the plaintiff, but must also consider _________ and __________

any change of position that has occured on the defendants part and a cquiscence on the plaintiff's part



137 In what case was it held that that notice that comes to the knowledge of a solicitor in a previous transaction cannot be imputed to a purchaser in a subsequent transaction.

Okunubi v. Assaf (1951) 13 WACA 226 at 231



138 The concept of "unconscionability" has been used in a number of proprietary estoppel cases. Unconscionability:

Is a unifying element in the doctrine of proprie tary estoppel



139 What is a maxim of equity?

A general basis around which much of the law of equity has form ed


140 How did the Lord Chancellor become a judge?

He dealt with petitions to the king



141 What is the importance of Lord Eldon?

He established a system of precedent in equity



142 The effect of the equitable maxim 'Equity Regards as Done That which Ought to be Done' is shown in Walsh v Lonsdale (1882) 21 LR Ch D 9. The lease in that case was enforceable because􀳦?

A legally enforceable contract may be en forced by specific performance



143 Which of the following is, or are, methods to enforce payment of a judgment?

Garnishment
Imprisonmen t
seizing assets
***A and C



144 Refer again to the facts set out in Question #11. If MMC opts to ask the court for an equitable remedy such as specific performance or an injunction because of Raymond􀳦??s breach, what could prevent MMC from obtaining that remedy?

If Raymond has entered into an agreement to sell his property to another party who has never heard of MMC
If Raymond had entered into the agreement because of some misrepresentation.
Delaying several months before taking legal action against Raymond
***All of the above.



145 The Marathon Mining Corp. (MMC) believes that a vein of gold runs under their property and continues under three neighbouring properties. MMC enters into agreements to purchase the three properties. When Raymond, the owner of property #2􀳦??that lies between properties #1 and #3􀳦??
realizes why MMC wants to buy the properties, he decides that the selling price for his property is too low, and advises MMC that he will not complete the deal. What should MMC do?

Renegotiate the deal with Raymond



146 Why are courts more likely to award the remedy of an injunction, over the remedy of specific performance?

Many orders of specific performance would require court super vision, while courts generally are not required to supervise an injunction



147 Henri is a professional hockey player of great skill. He has been the highest scorer on his team, the Regina Wildcats for three straight years. After his second year, he signed a contract pursuant to which he was to play hockey exclusively for the Wildcats for 4 years for an annual salary of N500 000 per year. At the time he signed the contract it seemed lucrative, but now after establishing himself as a star, he believes he is drastically underpaid compared with others in the league and he decides not to play for the Wildcats in the third year of his contract unless the team agrees to give him a raise. The Wildcats recognize they need their star player, but believe that a contract is a contract. They launch a lawsuit against Henri for breach of contract asking the court for the remedy of specific performance. What will be the court􀳦??s response?

To den y the Wildcats any remedy



148 Randy contracted to sell to Ellen the beef from 10 of his cattle, cut into steaks. The contract provided that the meat would be delivered in two equal installments on May 1 and June 1. When the first installment was delivered, Ellen refused the meat saying it was not good enough quality to serve to her restaurant customers. The meat was returned to Randy􀳦??s storehouse. If Randy sues Ellen for breach of contract, what should he do or ask for?

Sell the meat to another buyer to mitigate the losses



149 Which one of the following statements is false?

Specific performance may be awarded if one party fails to carry out his contract of empl oyment



150 Which of the following is a common law remedy?

Damages



151 Which of the following is not a requirement for satisfaction of a debt by a legacy to apply?

Legacy must be equal to or exceed the amount of the debt



152 Which one of the following cases established that promissory estoppel can only be used as a form of defence and not a cause of action?

Combe v Combe (1951



153 Which one of the following is not clearly necessary in order to rely on the doctrine of promissory estoppel?

The promisee must have acted in reliance on the promise



154 Which one of the following cases did not involve an issue of waiver or promissory estoppel?

Hartley v Ponsonby (1857).



155 Andy and Nnamdi are neighbours. Nnamdi's dog barks in the night and prevents Andy and his family from sleeping at night. Andy has talked with Nnamdi on several occasions about the disturbance.
Keith did not take any measures to prevent the dog from barking throughout the night. Andy has sued Keith to enjoin the disturbance. The likely result is that an injunction will be:

prohibition



156 What is the meaning of the word 'equity'?

A body of law developed by the Court of Chanc ery



157 Which remedies are only available through the application of equity law?

Injunction an d specific performance.



158 When are equitable remedies available?

Equitable remedies, such as injunctions and specific performance, are available only at the Court's discretion.



159 What distinguishes proprietary estoppel from promissory estoppel?

Proprietary estoppel can be the basis of a claim; promissory estoppel may only be a defence



160 The equitable maxim 'He Who Comes to Equity Must Come with Clean Hands' means
that􀳦?
The claimant must not base his/her claim on an illegality or wrongful act





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