TMA Solutions: BUS106 - Elements of Management II

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Adele
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TMA Solutions: BUS106 - Elements of Management II

Postby Adele » Fri Jun 29, 2018 8:11 am

1 The major organizational goals exclude􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

staff lay-off


2 A good goal makes the organization while helping to exploit the opportunities to minimize the impact of the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

Risks


3 Good goals must possess the following qualities except􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

they must not specify period of achievement.


4 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. goal could be implicit and require explicit formulation before they could be realised.

Organisation


5 What managers do in organizations includes 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

they control organizational activities
they direct and supervise by secure a ctual performance from subordinates.
they communicate with subordinates, colleagues and superiors
***all of the above


6 Management function is identical in all 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. whether it is a profit-making organization or a "non-profit-making organization.

formal organizations



7 In a general sense, the human being is a complex system made up of sub- systems such as the circulatory system, the auditory system, the locomotive system, and so on.

False


8 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦 is known as the father of scientific management.

Frederick W. Taylor



9 A scholarly grouping of concepts and principles creates a􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

theory



10 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. are abstractions formed from generalizations.

Concep ts



11 Fayol, after more than􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. of practical business
experience drew up his principles of management.

40 years


12 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. are best seen as fundamental or general truth on which other truths depend.

Principles



13 A successful manager blends experience with 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. in order to achieve a desired result.

science



14 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. attempts through systematic procedure to
establish the relationships between variables and the underlying principles.

Science


15 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... is an imposition of order on chaos.

Art


16 Gilbreth believed that there was one best way which was believed to be the way that required the 􀳦?

least motion



17 Taylor􀳦??s principles of management could be summarized as

the gathering, anal ysis and codification of all 􀳦??rule of thumb􀳦?􀳦 and data existing in business
management should reorganize these in order to carry out their duties properly.
**a and b above



18 A manager will find it difficult to enforce quality or engage in􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

overall profit



19 A 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. is the selection of alternative course of action from
available alternatives in order to achieve a given objective.

decision



20 A 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. could be seen as a group of people assembled together to take action on an administrative task.

committee



21 What determines whether a decision is to be made by an individual or group is the type of decision to be made, and the importance of the decision to the immediate attainment of

organisational object ives


22 A decision process is not completed until it is

implemented



23 An entrepreneur may decide in the circumstance to select the alternative that 􀳦??minimises his risk or involves 􀳦??minimum regret􀳦?􀳦 or gives him optimum result in the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

short-run


24 Stages in Decision Making includes 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

formulation of goal or g oals
choice procedure
implementation
*** all of the above


25 A decision made with full knowledge of the occurrence of an event is said to be decision 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

under certainty


26 The course of action that maximises the final desirability is the􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

rational decis ion



27 If a quantitative method is used, the value of each alternative is􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

computed



28 In business, there are absolutely no right or wrong decisions but

intelligent choi ces


29 Factors Determining Unethical Decisions􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

Formal company policy



30 The King􀳦??s affairs were so well organised and so efficiently and effectively run that it was devoid of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦 .

bureaucracy



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Adele
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Re: TMA Solutions: BUS106 - Elements of Management II

Postby Adele » Fri Jun 29, 2018 8:14 am

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1 One of the major advantages of the industrial revolution is that it gave birth to accelerated rate of………………………………………..….. of large scale enterprises.

resources accumulation and the growth


2 The first principles of management were advocated by a French engineer and geologist,
…………………….
Henri Fayol



3 According to …………………………………….. , "rarely, if ever, has a. new basic institution; or new lending group, a new central function, emerged as fast as has management since the turn of the century.”

Peter Drucker


4 Any organization that fails to realize its objective often blames it on…………………………………

Management


5 …………………………. are people who are primarily responsible for the achievement of
organizational goals.

Managers


6 …………………………. attempt to quantify some areas of management such as planning, decision making and control in the form of symbols and models.

Mathematical School



7 Dale’s Comparative Approach is based on……………………….. less experience.

structu re


8 “The Management Theory Jungle” has classified the major “schools” of management into……… broad areas.

Six


9 George Elton Mayo is from ……………………………..

Australi a


10 Charles Babbage and Frederick W. Taylor are from ……………………

United States o f America,



11 The fourteen (14) principles of management cover all aspects of management – human relations, scientific management as advocated by…………………………………………………………….. .

Babbage and Taylor



12 Gilbreth is known for his work on………………………………………….. studies.

time and motio n



13 Taylor used…………………………. to illustrate the benefits of division of labour pointing out the savings in time and the acquisition of skill within a relatively short time as a person concentrates on only one operation.

pin product ion



14 …………………………….stressed the need for dividing and assigning labour on the basis of skill.

Division of labour and specialization



15 Taylor was criticised for his lack of………………………………………………….. concept

humanitari an


16 Scientific management is not a ……………………………………….. bonus system.

bonus system


17 Scientific management was intended to bring about “a complete…………………………. ”, which must occur in the minds of the workmen and management.

mental revolution


18 The scientific management school placed special emphasis upon…………………………. .

production


19 Another well documented, properly organised management system was that of the
……………………………… who carried out organised activities such as the construction of pyramids, irrigation projects and the building of canals.

Egyptians


20 The King’s affairs were so well organised and so efficiently and effectively run that it was devoid of

bureaucracy



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Adele
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Re: TMA Solutions: BUS106 - Elements of Management II

Postby Adele » Fri Jun 29, 2018 8:17 am

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1 The official goals are mainly for “public consumption” while operative goals are those that are in fact pursued by the organisation and this influences its………………………………………… .

operation



2 In some instances, the official goal and operative goals could be the same and only differ by the………………………………………. .

degree of specificity


3 A. typical employee goals can be divided into……………… main groups.

2



4 The major organizational goals exclude……………………..

staff lay-off


5 A good goal makes the organization while helping to exploit the opportunities to minimize the impact of the …………………. .

risks


6 Good goals must possess the following qualities except…………………………………

they must not specify period of achievement.



7 ………………………………. goal could be implicit and require explicit formulation before they could be realised.

Organisa tion


8 What managers do in organizations includes …………………………………………………

they control organizational activities
they direct and supervise by secure a ctual performance from subordinates.
they communicate with subordinates, colleagues and superiors
***all of the above


9 Management function is identical in all ……………………………. whether it is a profit-making
organization or a "non-profit-making organization.

formal organizations


10 In a general sense, the human being is a complex system made up of sub- systems such as the circulatory system, the auditory system, the locomotive system, and so on.

False


11 ………………………… is known as the father of scientific management.

Frederick W. Taylor


12 A scholarly grouping of concepts and principles creates a……………………………….. .

theory


13 ……………………………….. are abstractions formed from generalizations.

Concep ts


14 Fayol, after more than……………………….. of practical business experience drew up his principles of management.

40 years


15 ……………………….. are best seen as fundamental or general truth on which other truths depend.

Principles


16 A successful manager blends experience with …………………….. in order to achieve a desired result.

science


17 ……………………….. attempts through systematic procedure to establish the relationships between variables and the underlying principles.

Science



18 …………... is an imposition of order on chaos.

Art



19 Gilbreth believed that there was one best way which was believed to be the way that required the

least motion


20 Taylor’s principles of management could be summarized as

the gathering, analysis and codification of all “rule o f thumb” and data existing in business
management should reorganize these in order to carry out their duties properly.
***a and b above
none of the ab ove



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Adele
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Re: TMA Solutions: BUS106 - Elements of Management II

Postby Adele » Fri Jun 29, 2018 8:22 am

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1 A manager will find it difficult to enforce quality or engage in…………………………. .

overall profit


2 A …………………………….. is the selection of alternative course of action from available alternatives in order to achieve a given objective.

Decision


3 A ……………………………………………. could be seen as a group of people assembled together to
take action on an administrative task.

committee


4 What determines whether a decision is to be made by an individual or group is the type of decision to be made, and the importance of the decision to the immediate attainment of

organisational object ives


5 A decision process is not completed until it is ……………………………… .

implemen ted



6 An entrepreneur may decide in the circumstance to select the alternative that “minimises his risk or involves “minimum regret” or gives him optimum result in the …………………

short-run



7 Stages in Decision Making includes ………………………………………

formulation of goal or goals
choice procedure
implementation
***all of the above



8 A decision made with full knowledge of the occurrence of an event is said to be decision

under certainty


9 The course of action that maximises the final desirability is the………………………………….. .

rational decis ion


10 If a quantitative method is used, the value of each alternative is…………………………….. .

computed


11 In business, there are absolutely no right or wrong decisions but ……………………………….. .

intelligent choi ces


12 Factors Determining Unethical Decisions……………………..

Formal company policy


13 Factors Determining Ethical Decision exclude………………………………

Informal company policy



14 The most common unethical business practices in Nigeria are presented includes…………….

Outright bribe
Unfair credit p ractices
Cheating of customers
***all of the above



15 The ethical conduct of an organization is in part determined by the
……………………………………………. prevailing in the society as a whole.

moral ethics



16 Conflict of interest arises when an executive deals with a company in which it
has…………………………………. .

vested interest



17 The ………………………… does not have definite expectation from employees because the goals are at best hazy even to the key management personnel who end up becoming "administrators” instead of managers.

Nigerian Civil Service


18 To obtain balanced efforts the objectives of all managers on all levels and in all areas should also be keyed to both…………………...\r\n and long-range considerations.

short-range



19 Organizations and individuals function better when there is …………………………… .

goal congruen cy



20 Ghana’s judicial system was well organised, managed and had both a lower court and
a…………………………………………. .

court of appeal




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Adele
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Re: TMA Solutions: BUS106 - Elements of Management II

Postby Adele » Fri Jun 29, 2018 8:25 am

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1 ……………………………. is a relatively new mathematical technique in situations requiring the
optimum allocation of resources, money, capital equipment, raw material and personnel.

Linear programming


2 The Six P’s of Planning are………………

Purpose, Philosophy, Policies, Premise,Plan s and Priorities.



3 The reasons for planning are …………………………..

Planning is essential in modern business
Planning is related to performance
Planning is necessary to facilitate c ontrol
**A, B and C


4 According to ……………………………………………….. , “Planning is hardwork.

George Steiner (1969)



5 ……………………………………………. are alternative methods to either take over the earlier plans if they seem to fail due to unexpected circumstances or modify them as the situation demands.

Contingency plans



6 Once an overall plan has been adopted, it is necessary to develop other derivative plans for each segment of the company, to support the….. .

formal plan


7 A well-defined objective can make the difference between success and failure of an enterprise.

True
False
***a and b above
none of the ab ove


8 The contributions or benefits of planning exclude…………………………………

Proper planning helps in the process of employee layo ff



9 The planning process has the following characteristics except…………………………………..

Planning is static in nature.



10 ………………………….. is a decision making activity requiring the process of ascertaining objectives and deciding on activities to attain these objectives.

Planning


11 Queuing theory is often called……………………………………….. .

waiting-line theory



12 The basic advantages of committee excludes……………………………………….

Lack of Accountability



13 A……………………………. requires the decision maker to acquire a thorough understanding of the problem in order to make an intelligent choice.

rational decision


14 Some of the major criticisms of brainstorming are that it is …………………………. .

time consuming



15 The mathematical techniques used as aid to decision making are often called

operations research


16 An ideal brainstorming session highlights the importance of new ………………………… .

ideas


17 Creative thinking is not a choice of alternatives as in…………………………………..

decision maki ng


18 Investigation is the…………………………….. step in creative thinking.

second



19 The recruitment of people who are creative is a necessary precondition in encouraging
……………………………… in an organisation.

creativity



20 A …………………………………………… is one that comes up with new ideas, new approaches, and new ways of doing old things, doing a common thing in an uncommon way, a new product, or new application or a combination of existing knowledge.

creative committee



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