TMA Solutions: NSC203 - Human Physiology II

Use past TMAs to deal with new TMAs and Exams
Adele
Posts: 507
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 3:24 pm
Contact:

TMA Solutions: NSC203 - Human Physiology II

Postby Adele » Fri Jul 13, 2018 7:53 am

TMA Solutions: NSC203 - Human Physiology II

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... m.nounites


Q1 _____ may be stages of progressive impairment following different types of insults.

cell death

Q2 _______ is a special form of necrosis usually seen in immune reactions involving blood vessels.

Fibrinoid ne crosis

Q3 ______ is encountered most often in foci of tuberculous infection.

Caseous necrosis

Q4 ______ occurs in a limb, generally the lower leg, that has lost its blood supply.

Gangrenous necrosis

Q5 __________ is characterized by digestion of the dead cells, resulting in transformation of the tissue into a liquid viscous mass.

Liquefactive necrosis

Q6 Mitochondria can be damaged by increases of _______,
Cytosolic Ca2+
Reactive oxygen species
Oxygen deprivation
***All of the above

Q7 ______ examines the alterations in specialized organs and tissues that are responsible for disorders that involve these organs.

Systemic pathology

Q8 ______ is a form of necrosis in which the architecture of dead tissues is preserved for a span of at least some days

Coagulative necrosis

Q9 The acute-phase response consists of several clinical and pathologic changes:

Fever

Q10 In the practice of medicine the importance of______ is that it can sometimes be inappropriately triggered or poorly controlled, and is thus the cause of tissue injury in many disorders.

Inflammations

Q11 ____ designed to rid the organism of both the initial cause of cell injury and the consequences of such injury.

Infl ammations

Q12 In response to increased hemodynamic loads, the heart muscle becomes enlarged. This is an example of ______,

Adapta tion

Q13 If cells become compromised by mutations that affect essential cellular constituents, a sequence of events follows that is termed__________,

cell injury

Q14 These are reversible functional and structural responses to more severe physiologic stresses and some pathologic stimuli Except_______,

Adaptation s

Q15 There are ________ aspects of a disease process that form the core of pathology.

Five

Q16 The mechanism of the development of disease is_____,

Pathogen esis

Q17 _______ is concerned with the reactions of cells and tissues to abnormal stimuli.

General pathology

Q18 Traditionally the study of pathology is divided into____,

Two

Q19 By use of molecular, microbiologic, immunologic, and morphologic techniques, pathology explains______,

Signs and Symptoms

Q20 Disease process is better understood if events at the cellular level are well-understood, hence the term_______,

Cellular pathology




Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... m.nounites



Adele
Posts: 507
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 3:24 pm
Contact:

Re: TMA Solutions: NSC203 - Human Physiology II

Postby Adele » Fri Jul 13, 2018 7:56 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... m.nounites


Q21 The concentration of Hcl in gastric juice is􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. mEq/L

150

Q22 The absorption of vitamin􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. occurs in the terminal ileum.

B1 2

Q23 The cranial nerve􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.supplies the parotid gland.

nine

Q24 The parasympathetic fiber of cranial nerve􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦...7 supplies some submaxillary and sublingual

seve n

Q25 The parotid gland produced􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. of the salivary secretion.

0.25

Q26 The submaxillary gland produces􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. secretion

0.1

Q27 There are􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. types of secreting cells in the acini

two

Q28 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..regulates aurocaudal flow of GIT contents.

.sphincte rs.

Q29 The alimentary tract is divided into functional compartment by􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?
􀳦...sphincters.

7

Q30 The􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. enters the brain and CSF is hydrated to form H2CO3.

CO2

Q31 The central chemoreceptors are located on the floor of the􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... ventricle in the medulla oblongata

4th

Q32 The changes in the chemical composition of blood are detected􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. Groups of chemoreceptors

two

Q33 The three main substances involved are CO2,􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... and O2
H+

Q34 The􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... centre sends inhibitory impulses to the apneustic centre

pneumotax ic

Q35 The neural control of respiration can be sub-divided into􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. main types

two

Q36 voluntary control of breathing is carried out under the control of the􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

motor cortex

Q37 Carbondioxide is transported in the blood in􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.forms

thre e

Q38 The pressure of PCO2 in the tissues is􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

46mmHg

Q39 2,3-Disphosphoglycerate is an organophosphate that is created in erythrocytes during􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

glycolysis

Q40 The formation of a bicarbonate ion will release a􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. into the plasma

pro ton




Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... m.nounites
Adele
Posts: 507
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 3:24 pm
Contact:

Re: TMA Solutions: NSC203 - Human Physiology II

Postby Adele » Fri Jul 13, 2018 7:57 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... m.nounites



Q41 A reduction in the total binding capacity of haemoglobin to oxygen due to reduced pH is called______,

root effect

Q42 The factor that can cause oxygen- hemoglobin dissociation curve to shift to the left include________,

decrease acidity

Q43 The factor that can cause oxygen- hemoglobin dissociation curve to shift to the right
include_________,

increase PCO2

Q44 The PO2 of pulmonary capillary blood when fully oxygenated is________,

100mmHg

Q45 100ml of blood at full saturation usually carry _______ of oxygen

19.7ml

Q46 Each gram of hemoglobin is capable of carrying _______ of oxygen at full saturation.

1.34ml

Q47 Oxygen is transported in _____ forms in the blood

two

Q48 Oxygen transport consists of _________ important steps

four

Q49 This whole mechanism of gas exchange is carried by the simple phenomenon called

Pressure Differenc e

Q50 The process of gas exchange has ________ steps

5

Q51 The value of Total Lung Capasity is about_______,

6000ml

Q52 The value of Functional Residual Capasity is about_______

2.2 L

Q53 The value of Inspiratory capacity is about_________,

3.8L

Q54 The volume of air present in the lungs after a inspiratory effort is called__________,

Total Lung Capacity

Q55 The volume of air that moves into and out of the lungs under different conditions can be measured by

Spirometer

Q56 The diaphragm is capable of vertical excursion of ______ depending on the depth of breathing.

2.5cm to 10cm

Q57 The right bronchial artery arises from the _______ right intercostal artery.

First

Q58 The blood pumped into the pulmonary circulation at rest is ________,

5L/min

Q59 The plasma oncotic pressure is __________ mmHg

25

Q60 The pulmonary circulation is a _________ pressure circulation.

Low






Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... m.nounites
Adele
Posts: 507
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 3:24 pm
Contact:

Re: TMA Solutions: NSC203 - Human Physiology II

Postby Adele » Fri Jul 13, 2018 8:00 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... m.nounites

Q61 _________ Is secreted by the parietal cell of the fundus

instrins ic

Q62 _________neutralizes the gastric acid that refluxes into the esophagus and release heart burn.

saliva

Q63 _________acts on salivary duct to cause sodium ion reabsorption in exchange for potassium ion.

Aldosterone

Q64 During high flow rate of saliva, less time is allowed for transfer of ions and hence Na+ is_________ K+

more tha n

Q65 The saliva in the duct is_________ while the saliva in the mouth is hypotonic.

isoton ic

Q66 Human saliva has a pH range from_________

6.0-7. 0

Q67 The secretion of saliva per day ranges from_________

1- 1.5L

Q68 The parotid gland is supplies by cranial nerve_________

nine

Q69 The parasympathetic fiber of cranial nerve_________ supplies some part of submaxillary and sublingual glands.

eight

Q70 _________is sensitive to osmolar changes, pH changes and chemical composition of food.

myenter ic

Q71 The_________plexus control secretion and local blood flow.

meissner􀳦??s

Q72 The plexus control GIT movement is called_________

myenter ic

Q73 The_________plexus is sensitive to stretch

myenteric

Q74 The_________relaxes in response to appropriate stimulus so that flow can occur from one compartment to the next.

sphinters

Q75 The_________regulates or maintains aurocaudal flow of GIT contents

sphincte rs

Q76 The outer GIT plexus that lies between the longitudinal and circular layer and is called_________

Myenteric

Q77 The wall of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) has an_________ nervous system

intrinsic

Q78 Decompression sickness can be avoided if the diver is made to ascend to the surface of the sea gradually over a period of _________ hours

2 to 5

Q79 About_________ of people suffering from decompression sickness develop pain in the joints and muscles of the legs or arms.

0.9

Q80 Cyanosis becomes noticeable when the arterial blood contains_________or more of deoxygenated haemoglobin per 100ml of blood.

5g






Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Stay informed when you download our app
https://play.google.com/store/apps/deta ... m.nounites


Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest