NOUN TMA Solutions: LIN112 - Introduction to Linguistics II

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Adebisi
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NOUN TMA Solutions: LIN112 - Introduction to Linguistics II

Postby Adebisi » Wed Jul 25, 2018 6:33 am

NOUN TMA Solutions: LIN112 - Introduction to Linguistics II

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Q1 In the study of two languages, L1 refers to _______ language

Source

Q2 In the study of two languages, L2 refers to _______ language

Target

Q3 [fe??] faith and [fet] is an example of ______ interference

Phonic

Q4 There is go slow' is an example of ________ interference

Lexical

Q5 Technology that allows a machine to perform human language tasks is called __________

artificial intelligence

Q6 All except one of the following refers to machine translation

CMD

Q7 The main articulator in the production of vowels is the􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

tongue

Q8 The difference in the production of the vowels in 􀳦??leave􀳦?? and 􀳦??live􀳦?? is􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

vowel length

Q9 The difference in the production of the vowels in 􀳦??school􀳦?? and 􀳦??skill􀳦?? is􀳦?􀳦..


part of the ton gue being raised

Q10 The difference in the production of the vowels in 􀳦??bit􀳦?? and 􀳦??bat􀳦?? is􀳦?􀳦..

vowel height

Q11 The vowel /u:/ is a􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

high back rounded long vowel

Q12 The vowel /3:/ is a􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

Central unrounded long vowel

Q13 The vowel /u:/ is a􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

High back rounded long vowe

Q14 One of the following is NOT true

Phonetics and Phonology are concerned about the physical properties of sounds

Q15 One of the following is NOT true of the phoneme

Phonemes are phonetically very similar to one another

Q16 One of the following is NOT true of allophones

allophones change the meaning of a word

Q17 As far as their manner of articulation is concerned, these consonants /f, v, ?, , ?, ?, ?, ð, s, z/ are called􀳦?􀳦.

fricatives

Q18 One of the following is TRUE of most Nigerian languages

Vowels can occur as single syllables

Q19 One of these suprasegmental features does not occur in Nigerian languages

Stress

Q20 The following example from Yoruba is an example of the process of ile? + iwe -?ìle?èwe 􀳦?? school􀳦??

Assimil ation





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Adebisi
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Re: NOUN TMA Solutions: LIN112 - Introduction to Linguistics II

Postby Adebisi » Wed Jul 25, 2018 6:35 am

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Q21 The expression, 􀳦??She is a guru􀳦?? meaning 􀳦??an expert􀳦?? is an example of _______ meaning

conno tative

Q22 The word 􀳦??grave􀳦?? meaning 􀳦??burial site􀳦?? and 􀳦??grave􀳦?? meaning 􀳦??serious􀳦?? are examples of

Homonym s

Q23 The sentence, 􀳦??I will pick you up at 9am tomorrow􀳦?? is an example of

Illocutionary act

Q24 The concepts of cohesion and coherence are attributed to

Discourse a nalysis

Q25 The analysis of variation in speech events is the domain of

Discourse analysis

Q26 The production of English consonants is determined by the place of articulation, the manner of articulation and the􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

state of the glottis

Q27 The ______ is the main articulator in the production of vowels

tong ue

Q28 The difference in the production of the vowels in 􀳦??feet􀳦?? and 'fit􀳦?? is _________

vowel length

Q29 The difference in the production of the vowels in 􀳦??school􀳦?? and 􀳦??skill􀳦?? is _______

part of the ton gue involved

Q30 The difference in the production of the vowels in 'mean' and 'man' is _________

Vowel height

Q31 The difference in the production of the vowels in 'bit' and 'boat'

lip rounding

Q32 The vowel [?] is a ___________

Front, high, unrounded, short vowel

Q33 The vowel [?] is a ____________

Front mid unrounded short vowel

Q34 The vowel [o:] is a __________

Non-high, back, rounded long vow el

Q35 The vowel [?] is a ___________

Non-high, back, rounded short vowel

Q36 One of the following is NOT true of phonology

Phonetics and Phonology are concerned about the physical properties of sounds

Q37 One of the following is NOT true of phonemes

phonemes are phonetically very similar to one another

Q38 One of the following is NOT true of allophones

allophones change the meaning of a word

Q39 Continuants are made up of _______

all consonants except stops and all vowe ls

Q40 Obstruents are made up of _______

non nasal stops, fricatives, and affricates




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Adebisi
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Re: NOUN TMA Solutions: LIN112 - Introduction to Linguistics II

Postby Adebisi » Wed Jul 25, 2018 6:37 am

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Q41 Sonorants are made up of ________

nasal stops, vowels, liquids, and glides

Q42 Consonantal sounds are made up of ________

all consonants except glides

Q43 One of the following is TRUE of most Nigerian languages

consonants can occur together

Q44 One of these suprasegmental features does not occur in Nigerian languages

stress

Q45 The phrase 'sweet and sour' is an example of ___________

antonymy

Q46 The statement 'I will see you in the morning' is an example of a ____________

illocutionary act

Q47 A􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.study provides an inventory of sounds of a language.

phonetic

Q48 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..studies how listeners perceive sounds.

auditory pho netics

Q49 There are many 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. in spelling of English words.

inconsistenc ies

Q50 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦refers to when a word is written using phonetic symbols.

Phonetic trans cription

Q51 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.refers to the action of air coming from the lungs.

pulmonic

Q52 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..are produced by air being sucked into the mouth.

Clicks

Q53 When air is drawn from the mouth into the throat, 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. are produced.

implosive sounds

Q54 The consonant ð is a 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

dental fricativ e

Q55 The sound [t] can be described as 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

a bilabial stop

Q56 The sound [k] is 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

a voiceless velar st op

Q57 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦...do not make use of the pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism.

Implosives

Q58 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦...are produced with a partial obstruction in the flow of air such that air passes through a narrow passage with some noise.

Fricati ves

Q59 The articulators for these sounds [?] [ð] are the􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

the teeth and the tongue

Q60 These sounds are known as 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

Labio-dental fricativ es



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Adebisi
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Re: NOUN TMA Solutions: LIN112 - Introduction to Linguistics II

Postby Adebisi » Wed Jul 25, 2018 6:39 am

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Q61 These sounds [?] [?], also called􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. are produced with the tongue and the hard palate.

Palato-alveolar fricatives

Q62 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦...begin as stops and end as fricatives.

Affricates

Q63 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦are characterised by lack of friction or obstruction in their production

Approxim ants

Q64 The sound [j] is called 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

a Palatal approximant

Q65 The 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. is the most important articulator in vowel production.

vela r region

Q66 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..is one of the parameters used in describing the production of vowels.

Lip rounding

Q67 Phonetic study aims at the ________ properties of sounds

physical

Q68 In Linguistics, the distinctive sounds of a language are represented by __________ symbols

phonetic

Q69 Sound production involves the movement of air from the lungs through an opening called ______

vocal cords

Q70 The tube that runs from the lungs through the throat up into the mouth area is called the __________

pharynx

Q71 The vocal cords and glottis is located in the ________

larynx

Q72 Air flows from the throat into the oral cavity, and further up to the _______

palate

Q73 Sounds produced by the action of pushing out of air are called _______ sounds

egressive

Q74 Sounds produced by the action of a closed glottis forcing air pressure in the mouth and the sudden release of air are called _______ sounds

ejective

Q75 Sounds produced by the action of air sucked into the mouth are called ______ sounds

ingressive

Q76 Sounds produced by the action of air is drawn from the mouth into the throat are called _______ sounds

implosiv e

Q77 Pulmonic' refers to the action of ________

pushing air out of the lung s

Q78 English sounds are produced by the__________ airstream mechanism

pulmonic egressive

Q79 The technicalname for the organ of speech responsible for voicing is _________

glottis

Q80 The production of consonants and vowels differ in the ________

obstruction of air from the lu ngs





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