NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

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NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

Postby Adebisi » Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:43 am

NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies


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Q21 Problems of the labour force are the most serious and difficult to solve because they affect 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. with their skills, initiatives and opportunities.

People

Q22 Typical feature of the rural areas is the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. of labour force due to fewer jobs that are opened.

Surplus

Q23 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. income and employment are among the main problems inherent in the rural areas.

Lo w

Q24 The rural dwellers should be involved at the various 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. of the programme; etc.

Stages

Q25 A good rural development programme should be based on the effective use of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦. resources.

Local

Q26 The rural developer should always try to ask the question; if the programme is discontinued, what will happen to the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

Beneficia ries

Q27 A meaningful rural development programme must ensure that the programme is accessible to all the rural dwellers especially the poor peasant 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

Farme rs

Q28 A principle is a basic truth or a 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. law determining the existence and regulating the conduct of an organization and distinguishing it from other systems.

General

Q29 Most rural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. live below poverty level which calls for urgent attention.

Dwellers

Q30 Inequalities exist in social and educational 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. between urban and rural areas.

Amenities

Q31 Most of the food which Nigerians eat is produced by 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... dwellers.

Rural

Q32 Rural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. constitute the vast majority of Nigerian
population.

People

Q33 Rural dwellers migrate from 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... areas to urban centres in search of jobs and also to enjoy the facilities available, thereby creating rural labour scarcity.

Rural

Q34 Able-bodied men and women who possess natural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... are not gainfully employed.

Skills

Q35 There is 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. rate of employment opportunities in the rural areas.

Low

Q36 Rural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. programmes need to refine and reshape such practices that are hindrances to development.

Development

Q37 Rural dwellers engage in primitive and ancient traditional practices that are anti-􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦____________?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

Developmenta l

Q38 Without group action, 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. and powerful individuals will continue to dominate the rural dwellers without any united effort on their part to fight back.

Leaders

Q39 Without social interaction, there is usually no 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... action.

Group

Q40 In some areas, the rural dwellers live in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

Isolation



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Adebisi
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Re: NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

Postby Adebisi » Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:44 am

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Q1 Programme implementation is the stage where 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. takes place.

Action

Q2 With the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. and materials resource at hand, the rural developer sketches out the programme of action.

Human

Q3 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. resources could be money, construction materials etc.

Material

Q4 Once the needs or problems of the rural community have been identified, the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. carefully draws out the objectives to be achieved based on the needs.

Planner

Q5 A carefully planned rural development action has the tendency to achieve stated 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦. at the end.

Objecti ves

Q6 Plans provide a rational approach to achieving pre-selected

Objectives

Q7 Plan is a written document setting out the activities, 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. and budgets required to meet a set of goals.

Times

Q8 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... according to Olanrewaju, (2010) is a statement of how a thing is to be done.

Plan

Q9 The 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. approach to rural development seeks to transform the existing economic, social and political relationships in such a way that those who were previously disadvantaged etc.

Structural

Q10 The technological approach to rural development is emphasized by agricultural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?
􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

Extension

Q11 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦...approach emphasizes the technological transformation of different aspects of the rural society particularly agricultural production.

Techno logy

Q12 The farmers are thus sensitized, mobilized and engendered in specific ways to get actively involved in such a 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... process.

Developmental

Q13 The Reformist approach to rural development emphasizes the participatory involvement of farmers in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. the rural areas.

Reforming

Q14 Reformist approach to rural development; emphasis is given to behavioral change of the rural 􀳦?
􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

Farmers

Q15 Much of the agricultural land are polluted with pesticides or by industrial plants, making it difficult to 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. quality and healthy products.

Produce

Q16 State of the environment further 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. the quality of life in rural areas.

Reduces

Q17 The market economy mechanisms increase the role of supply and demand as factors that dictate the prices of agricultural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦...

Produc tion

Q18 The current state of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... facilities in the rural areas such as roads, water supply and sewage, electrical and communications networks are very poor.

Infrastruc tural

Q19 The market forces 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. for basic goods grows more slowly than that of luxury goods and services.

Demand

Q20 One of the reasons for lower income of the people in rural areas are the low prices of agricultural 􀳦?

Produ cts



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Adebisi
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Re: NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

Postby Adebisi » Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:46 am

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788



Q41 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. is high in the rural areas. This could be because they lack good schools or facilitating learning environment.

Illiteracy

Q42 A large number of the Nigerian Populace lives in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. areas.

Rural

Q43 The rural areas grossly lack 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. infrastructures that give life a meaning and make it worthwhile.

Basic

Q44 The rural dwellers experience vicious cycle of

Poverty

Q45 The rural areas, as compared to urban centers, have peculiar problems that affect the lives of the 􀳦?

Populace

Q46 In Nigeria, the objectives of rural development are clear and definite as outlined by the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. Policy on rural development.

National

Q47 Any rural development 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... or project is targeted at achieving set objectives.

Progra mme

Q48 Development 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. and amenities should be functionally integrated across different levels of human settlements in the rural areas.

Servic e

Q49 Rural development strategy should emphasize institutional coordination, interministerial and interdepartmental􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

Linkag e

Q50 The government should play a minimal, catalytic and facilitating and not direct production role in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... development.

Rural

Q51 The farmers and small rural entrepreneurs should be regarded as the center piece of rural development 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

Strategy

Q52 Another objective of rural development is increase in and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... of job opportunities and improvement of income in the rural areas.

Div ersification

Q53 One of the objective of rural development is Promotion of the social, cultural and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦... wellbeing of the rural population; etc.

Economi c

Q54 Any rural development effort is targeted at achieving some 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

Goals

Q55 Virtually, all rural development programmes in the country adopted this model.

People

Q56 Zonal coordinator activities hardly make impact on the lives of rural people in the final 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

Analys is

Q57 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... coordinator assumes that all sectoral/zonal rural development programmes are well conceived and that effective coordination would make them attain rural development goals.

Zonal
Interse ctoral
---Both A & B
Planning

Q58 Intersectoral/Zonal Coordination involves the coordination of hitherto isolated sectoral and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. development programmes.

Zonal

Q59 Provision for rural development is integrated in the overall agricultural development agenda of 􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... state and federal governments.

Local

Q60 Rural urban Interction process focuses on 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. of rural development along with and within the framework of overall national development plan.

Planning




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Re: NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

Postby Adebisi » Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:49 am

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Q61 Another step in bringing development is identification of immediate community 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

Problem s

Q62 African countries including 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. have been attempting to develop their rural areas through different approaches and or practices, etc.

Nigeria

Q63 Efforts are made by the government, non-governmental organizations, community based organizations, donor agencies, individuals and groups to bring about rural􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

Devel opment

Q64 Rural areas are found everywhere, especially in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... countries of the world.

Devel oping

Q65 Rural development is an effort to improve the living standards of farmers and the rural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... in general.

Populace

Q66 Rural development is a sustained increase in total transformation and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... of the socio-economic environment of the rural areas.

Moderniz ation

Q67 Rural development provides rural dwellers with the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. for gainful employment, etc.

Oppor tunities

Q68 Rural development as 􀳦??the process of making 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. more satisfying and fulfilling for millions of people who live in rural areas.

Life

Q69 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. development is a concept that has been viewed from different perspectives.

Rural

Q70 Development involves some elements and steps which should be carefully followed by the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

Stakeholders

Q71 In any society, development is necessary and conscious efforts are made to bring about desired development for the benefit of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

Society

Q72 Another step in bringing development is identification of a small group of leaders and /or interest groups who can serve as the initiating 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

Sets

Q73 The steps in bringing about development could be a/an 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦. survey.

Informal

Q74 Development involves a total increase in the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. of people􀳦??s lives in the area of education, health, equality, security, social comfort, etc.

Quality

Q75 Development contributes to the well-being and comfort of the

People

Q76 Development is a continuous process, it is 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. and It goes on and on.

Une nding

Q77 Development includes change in institutional, social and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. structures as well as social behaviour and attitude etc.

Administr ative

Q78 Development goes beyond increases in per capita and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. aspects of people􀳦??s lives.

Financial

Q79 Sometimes, the development can be 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... depending on the situation, but this is not the kind of development that this course is focusing.

Negative

Q80 Development entails a shift a/an (􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... shift) from one end to another and over a period of time.

Upward


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