NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

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NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

Postby Adebisi » Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:43 am

NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

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Q21 Problems of the labour force are the most serious and difficult to solve because they affect 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. with their skills, initiatives and opportunities.


Q22 Typical feature of the rural areas is the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. of labour force due to fewer jobs that are opened.


Q23 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. income and employment are among the main problems inherent in the rural areas.

Lo w

Q24 The rural dwellers should be involved at the various 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. of the programme; etc.


Q25 A good rural development programme should be based on the effective use of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦. resources.


Q26 The rural developer should always try to ask the question; if the programme is discontinued, what will happen to the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

Beneficia ries

Q27 A meaningful rural development programme must ensure that the programme is accessible to all the rural dwellers especially the poor peasant 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

Farme rs

Q28 A principle is a basic truth or a 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. law determining the existence and regulating the conduct of an organization and distinguishing it from other systems.


Q29 Most rural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. live below poverty level which calls for urgent attention.


Q30 Inequalities exist in social and educational 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. between urban and rural areas.


Q31 Most of the food which Nigerians eat is produced by 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... dwellers.


Q32 Rural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. constitute the vast majority of Nigerian


Q33 Rural dwellers migrate from 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... areas to urban centres in search of jobs and also to enjoy the facilities available, thereby creating rural labour scarcity.


Q34 Able-bodied men and women who possess natural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... are not gainfully employed.


Q35 There is 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. rate of employment opportunities in the rural areas.


Q36 Rural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. programmes need to refine and reshape such practices that are hindrances to development.


Q37 Rural dwellers engage in primitive and ancient traditional practices that are anti-􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦____________?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.

Developmenta l

Q38 Without group action, 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. and powerful individuals will continue to dominate the rural dwellers without any united effort on their part to fight back.


Q39 Without social interaction, there is usually no 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... action.


Q40 In some areas, the rural dwellers live in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..


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Re: NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

Postby Adebisi » Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:44 am

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Q1 Programme implementation is the stage where 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. takes place.


Q2 With the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. and materials resource at hand, the rural developer sketches out the programme of action.


Q3 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. resources could be money, construction materials etc.


Q4 Once the needs or problems of the rural community have been identified, the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. carefully draws out the objectives to be achieved based on the needs.


Q5 A carefully planned rural development action has the tendency to achieve stated 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦. at the end.

Objecti ves

Q6 Plans provide a rational approach to achieving pre-selected


Q7 Plan is a written document setting out the activities, 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. and budgets required to meet a set of goals.


Q8 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... according to Olanrewaju, (2010) is a statement of how a thing is to be done.


Q9 The 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. approach to rural development seeks to transform the existing economic, social and political relationships in such a way that those who were previously disadvantaged etc.


Q10 The technological approach to rural development is emphasized by agricultural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?


Q11 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦...approach emphasizes the technological transformation of different aspects of the rural society particularly agricultural production.

Techno logy

Q12 The farmers are thus sensitized, mobilized and engendered in specific ways to get actively involved in such a 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... process.


Q13 The Reformist approach to rural development emphasizes the participatory involvement of farmers in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. the rural areas.


Q14 Reformist approach to rural development; emphasis is given to behavioral change of the rural 􀳦?


Q15 Much of the agricultural land are polluted with pesticides or by industrial plants, making it difficult to 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. quality and healthy products.


Q16 State of the environment further 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. the quality of life in rural areas.


Q17 The market economy mechanisms increase the role of supply and demand as factors that dictate the prices of agricultural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦...

Produc tion

Q18 The current state of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... facilities in the rural areas such as roads, water supply and sewage, electrical and communications networks are very poor.

Infrastruc tural

Q19 The market forces 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. for basic goods grows more slowly than that of luxury goods and services.


Q20 One of the reasons for lower income of the people in rural areas are the low prices of agricultural 􀳦?

Produ cts

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Re: NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

Postby Adebisi » Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:46 am

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Q41 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. is high in the rural areas. This could be because they lack good schools or facilitating learning environment.


Q42 A large number of the Nigerian Populace lives in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. areas.


Q43 The rural areas grossly lack 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. infrastructures that give life a meaning and make it worthwhile.


Q44 The rural dwellers experience vicious cycle of


Q45 The rural areas, as compared to urban centers, have peculiar problems that affect the lives of the 􀳦?


Q46 In Nigeria, the objectives of rural development are clear and definite as outlined by the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. Policy on rural development.


Q47 Any rural development 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... or project is targeted at achieving set objectives.

Progra mme

Q48 Development 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. and amenities should be functionally integrated across different levels of human settlements in the rural areas.

Servic e

Q49 Rural development strategy should emphasize institutional coordination, interministerial and interdepartmental􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦

Linkag e

Q50 The government should play a minimal, catalytic and facilitating and not direct production role in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... development.


Q51 The farmers and small rural entrepreneurs should be regarded as the center piece of rural development 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..


Q52 Another objective of rural development is increase in and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... of job opportunities and improvement of income in the rural areas.

Div ersification

Q53 One of the objective of rural development is Promotion of the social, cultural and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦... wellbeing of the rural population; etc.

Economi c

Q54 Any rural development effort is targeted at achieving some 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.


Q55 Virtually, all rural development programmes in the country adopted this model.


Q56 Zonal coordinator activities hardly make impact on the lives of rural people in the final 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦..

Analys is

Q57 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... coordinator assumes that all sectoral/zonal rural development programmes are well conceived and that effective coordination would make them attain rural development goals.

Interse ctoral
---Both A & B

Q58 Intersectoral/Zonal Coordination involves the coordination of hitherto isolated sectoral and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. development programmes.


Q59 Provision for rural development is integrated in the overall agricultural development agenda of 􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... state and federal governments.


Q60 Rural urban Interction process focuses on 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. of rural development along with and within the framework of overall national development plan.


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Re: NOUN TMA Questions and Answers: CRD324- Rural Development Strategies

Postby Adebisi » Thu Jan 31, 2019 5:49 am

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Q61 Another step in bringing development is identification of immediate community 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

Problem s

Q62 African countries including 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. have been attempting to develop their rural areas through different approaches and or practices, etc.


Q63 Efforts are made by the government, non-governmental organizations, community based organizations, donor agencies, individuals and groups to bring about rural􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

Devel opment

Q64 Rural areas are found everywhere, especially in 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... countries of the world.

Devel oping

Q65 Rural development is an effort to improve the living standards of farmers and the rural 􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... in general.


Q66 Rural development is a sustained increase in total transformation and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... of the socio-economic environment of the rural areas.

Moderniz ation

Q67 Rural development provides rural dwellers with the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. for gainful employment, etc.

Oppor tunities

Q68 Rural development as 􀳦??the process of making 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. more satisfying and fulfilling for millions of people who live in rural areas.


Q69 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. development is a concept that has been viewed from different perspectives.


Q70 Development involves some elements and steps which should be carefully followed by the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?


Q71 In any society, development is necessary and conscious efforts are made to bring about desired development for the benefit of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦


Q72 Another step in bringing development is identification of a small group of leaders and /or interest groups who can serve as the initiating 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦


Q73 The steps in bringing about development could be a/an 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦? 􀳦􀳦?􀳦. survey.


Q74 Development involves a total increase in the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. of people􀳦??s lives in the area of education, health, equality, security, social comfort, etc.


Q75 Development contributes to the well-being and comfort of the


Q76 Development is a continuous process, it is 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. and It goes on and on.

Une nding

Q77 Development includes change in institutional, social and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. structures as well as social behaviour and attitude etc.

Administr ative

Q78 Development goes beyond increases in per capita and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. aspects of people􀳦??s lives.


Q79 Sometimes, the development can be 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... depending on the situation, but this is not the kind of development that this course is focusing.


Q80 Development entails a shift a/an (􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦... shift) from one end to another and over a period of time.


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