NOUN TMA Solutions: SOS301- Introduction To Pedology And Soil Classification

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Jed
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NOUN TMA Solutions: SOS301- Introduction To Pedology And Soil Classification

Postby Jed » Tue Feb 05, 2019 7:56 am

NOUN TMA Solutions: SOS301- Introduction To Pedology And Soil Classification

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Q1 Sum of all processes through which earth alterations take place under the collective term

weathering

Q2 Biological waethering involves

living th ings

Q3 Water in cracked rocks can freeze and ....... To breake the rock

Expand

Q4 it is ........ That glacier action can take part in weathering

FALSE

Q5 The first horizone will naturally contain all except

parent rocks

Q6 The parent matherial is made tp of

Rocks

Q7 In a soil profile, the last horizon is called

Parent math erial

Q8 Igneous or sedimentary rocks usually subjected to heat and pressure have been converted to new rocks called

matamorphic rock

Q9 a soil with a high propotion of sand will have

high rate of infiltration

Q10 can neutralise soil acidity

liming

Q11 limus paper turns red when the soil is

acidic

Q12 A pH of 14 is very

Neutral

Q13 A pH of 1 is very

Acidi c

Q14 A soil with pH of 7 is

Neutra l

Q15 A soilis alkaline when it contains

Hydroxy l ions

Q16 A soilis acidic when it contains

H ions

Q17 can form cast when wet

clay

Q18 is not a function of soil

supply heat too th e crops

Q19 is a decomposed organic matter in the soil

humus

Q20 What formation is favored by a high percentage of decomposable dark minerals and by less quartz

Cla y



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Jed
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Re: NOUN TMA Solutions: SOS301- Introduction To Pedology And Soil Classification

Postby Jed » Tue Feb 05, 2019 7:58 am

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
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Q21 Is a type of erosion

Sheet/gulley

Q22 Is not a component of the soil

Air

Q23 refers to the mechanical particle ratio composition of soil

structure

Q24 refers to the mechanical particle size of soil

stucture

Q25 A slopy land is more predisposed to

erosion

Q26 rocks are.....

mineral elements

Q27 matamorphic rock can be formed from all except

Igneous rock and methamorphic rock

Q28 which weathering ensures that rocks are broken down into smaller particle sizes without a change in their chemical composition

Physical

Q29 One of the Options is not a possible agent of mechanical weathering

burrowing action of a nimals

Q30 All are physical soil propeerties except

soilerosion

Q31 Is a not a soil reaction

soil salinty

Q32 Has very loose particle and drains very easily

sand

Q33 Drys and cracks but hold p[lenty water when wet

Clay

Q34 Rocks formed from molten magma is called

Igneous rock

Q35 Which of these is not a perpetual transformers of the Earth􀳦??s crust

Erosion
mechani cal agents
Biological Agents
---All

Q36 Soil density is expressed in two ways; namely

particle and bulk density

Q37 is a possible ammendment for soil fertility

Fertiliser application

Q38 is a bilogical component of the soil

Bacteria

Q39 Is not a use of the soil

Building structures
Farming
Mining
---None

Q40 One of the Options is not a possible definition of soil

The earth surface on which crop can grow
The product of weathring
The mixture of clay sand and silt
---None



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Jed
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Re: NOUN TMA Solutions: SOS301- Introduction To Pedology And Soil Classification

Postby Jed » Tue Feb 05, 2019 8:02 am

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
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Q61 The factor of soil formation termed ........ covers vegetation and soil Fauna

living organism

Q62 The earth􀳦??s surface contour is called its

topograph y

Q63 Mineral and organic particles generally compose roughly ......of a soil􀳦??s volume

50 percent

Q64 Could be defined as the relative proportion of particle size groupings in the soil on percentage bases

Clay

Q65 .......is defined as the aggregation of primary soil particles (sand, silt and clay) into compound particles termed aggregates

soil stucture

Q66 Soil with many coarse pores will be much more aerated and better

Draine d

Q67 The big pores which are mainly meant for aeration are referred to as

macropores

Q68 Rocks are different from minerals because they are not

Uniform

Q69 ........are solid, inorganic, chemically uniform substance occurring naturally in the earth

miner als

Q70 Minerals that are formed at high temperature and pressure, under reducing conditions without free oxygen are called

Primary minerals

Q71 The washing away of the topsoil from a piece of land is known as

Erosion

Q72 Minerals that are formed at low temperature and pressure through oxidation are referred to as

Secondry minerals

Q73 could be defined as the relative proportion of particle size groupings in the soil on percentage bases

Soil texture

Q74 Horizon A in soil profile refers to the upper layer of the soil, nearest the surface. It is commonly known as

upper layer

Q75 Which of these statement is false concerning soil component and characteristics?

gneous rock s are those formed by the cooling of molten rock

Q76 Ideal soil should contain how many percentage of solid material and pore space?

50 percent of solid material and 50 percent pore space

Q77 Which of these is not a soil pore model?

geo-laytic theory

Q78 The smallest three dimensional unit, but not less than 1 meter square on top, that captures the lateral range of variability is called?

Stucture
Moisture
Texture
---None

Q79 The description of the kind and arrangement of the horizons and the field observable attributes of the soil is called?

Texture

Q80 The earth􀳦??s surface contour is called its

Relief



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Jed
Posts: 1106
Joined: Tue Oct 10, 2017 6:37 pm
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Re: NOUN TMA Solutions: SOS301- Introduction To Pedology And Soil Classification

Postby Jed » Tue Feb 05, 2019 8:02 am

Email: Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Q41 Soils are formed from

Rocks

Q42 is not a type of rock

clay

Q43 Acid rain can result to

chemical weathrring

Q44 is a biological agent in waethring

lichen

Q45 Is not a biological ageny in weathering

Rainfall

Q46 Sediments or precipitates laid down in water or by wind, usually in the lakes oceans or lowland regions, all consolidate into ...... rocks

sedimentry rocks

Q47 Igneous or sedimentary rocks usually subjected to heat and pressure have been converted to new rocks called

Metamorphic rocks

Q48 Dark clay soils containing large amounts of swelling clay minerals the soils crack widely during the dry season and become very sticky in the wet season this type of soil is called

ferosol

Q49 Mineral and organic particles generally compose roughly ......of a soil􀳦??s volume

50 percent

Q50 Sand, silt, and ..... are the basic types of soil

Clay

Q51 A soil develops from all kinds of rocks, deposits in lakes, rivers and glacials, wind-blown silt or sand which are all referred to as

Sedimentary

Q52 enerally, basic rocks give rise to basic soils. While acid parent rocks give rise to

Basi soil s

Q53 Sediments or precipitates laid down in water or by wind, usually in the lakes oceans or lowland regions, all consolidate into ...... rocks

Sedimentary

Q54 which weathering ensures that rocks are broken down into smaller particle sizes without a change in their chemical composition

Physical

Q55 what is used in assessing soil texture

feeling

Q56 The organic material of the soil are

De ad biological organisms

Q57 Processes of disintegration, during which mantle rocks are broken down to form particles of smaller size, without considerable change in chemical or mineralogical

physical weatherin g

Q58 The most prominent agents of physical weathering are except

differential s tress caused by unloading of deep-seated rocks on emerging to the suface

Q59 The parent material of soils is called

Rocks

Q60 What formation is favored by a high percentage of decomposable dark minerals and by less quartz

Clay




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