NOUN TMA Questions & Solutions: ARD201 - Principles of Agricultural Extension

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NOUN TMA Questions & Solutions: ARD201 - Principles of Agricultural Extension

Postby Jed » Tue Aug 20, 2019 7:16 am

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1 The success of any agricultural development programme is hinged on effective extension services.

Correct

2 Government policies on extension services should involve 􀳦.. And other stakeholder for successful planning, design and implementation.

Farmers'

3 Extension agents should not be aware of attitudes and perceptions reinforces by socio-cultural factors in their activities.

Incorrect

4 critical roles of agricultural extension could be performed with the following except.

AK 47

5 Some major challenges of extension programmes in Nigeria include the following except

English speaking countries

6 Effective Agricultural extension programme evaluation is necessary for current programme modification and future programme improvement

Correct

7 Is a coherent and focused research tailored toward solving the peculiar needs of farmers' important in speeding up the rate of diffusion and adoption of innovations.

Yes

8 lack of utilization of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦limits the
participation of farmers in extension services

Participatory approaches

9 Agricultural extension can simply be defined as:

Extension of knowledge to clientele

10 Agricultural Extension services should not just focus on production but agro-processing, storage and market access

Correct

11 In order to have a 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?
􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. It is important for extension
services to guide agricultural research

Culturally compatible, socially acceptable and economically feasible technology

12 In Nigeria there is a lag of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦years between the
discoveries of new farming practices and its diffusion.

20

13 Agricultural extension is both an out of school programme and a body of knowledge which accumulates experience

Correct

14 Agricultural extension also involves:

Leadership and youth development in communities

15 Extesion work doesen't also involve taking farmers' problems to researchers.

Incorrect

16 Does agricultural extension involve direct production with farmers

Yes

17 Viable extension communication methods include the following except

Agricultural agencies

18 The importance of agricultural extension includes increase in the following except

Cattle rustling sevices

19 Agricultural extension is essential because in spite of rapid scientific and technological advancement rural farmers' still employ traditional methods of cultivation

Correct

20 Agricultural extension is composed of the 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?
􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. And 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?
􀳦.dimensions

Educational,Communicational





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Jed
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Re: NOUN TMA Questions & Solutions: ARD201 - Principles of Agricultural Extension

Postby Jed » Tue Aug 20, 2019 7:19 am

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21 It is important that government should create a conducive environment for extension services to be effective

Correct

22 Does the public extension system dominate information dissemination to clientele in developing countries?

Yes

23 Access to inputs and 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?
􀳦.enhances the adoption of innovations disseminated by extension agents

Credit Facilities

24 Extension audience is heterogenous hence the use of different teaching materials and aids

Correct

25 An extension support team is made up of the following except:

The Nigerian Police Force

26 Agricultural Extension is important to􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?

Economic growth

27 Agricultural Extension is restricted to mporting Knowledge and skill in the rural people.

Correct

28 Is there still a problem of effective evaluation of most agricultural extension programmes?

Yes

29 The high farmer extension agent ratio in Nigeria has led to:

Many farmers being unreached

30 The extension farmer ratio in Nigeria is

1 : 1722

31 Weak linkages between extension organizations and research centers/institutes has led to:

Inappropriate solutions to farmers problems

32 The limitations to the task of extension does not include inadeuate supporting services, low morale among staff and lack of conducive working environment

Incorrect

33 The goals of Agricultural extension include the following except

Feed farmers' for maximum comfort

34 Community leaders do the following work in extension

Education, legitimization,planning and execution

35 The benefits of Agricultural extension in the society include the following except.

Exploitation of rural farmers

36 since the withdrawal of 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦funding
the Agricultural Development Programmes have been facing 􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦. challenges

World Bank and State governments

37 What are the two key issues in the scope of extension

Character change and home making

38 Agricultural Extension helps clients obtain information on credit facilities that would enhance their level of production

working with people

39 Agricultural Extension helps clients obtain information on credit facilities that would enhance their level of production

Correct

40 Clientele of agricultural extension in any set up could be:

Heterogenous
Homogenous
A and B
None of the Above




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Jed
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Re: NOUN TMA Questions & Solutions: ARD201 - Principles of Agricultural Extension

Postby Jed » Tue Aug 20, 2019 7:21 am

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41 which of these is not an approach to extension system worldwide?

University based extension system

42 choose which of these three key words represent the definition of agricultural extension:

Voluntary, education and client

43 which of these is not a major problem of rural development in Nigeria?

Traditional rulership

44 Which of these is not an advantage of the use of visual aids?

Difficult to produce

45 Which of the following is not an individual method of communication?

Publications

46 Which of the following is not a group method of communication?

Farm and Home Visits

47 Which of the following is not a mass method of communication?

Lecture

48 The following factors except one can distort extension communication

The communicator starting from the area of needs and interests of the clientele.

49 Which of these is not one of the ualities of a good communicator?:

Speaks the truth sparingly

50 Which of these is not a common characteristic of a good communication:?

Prolong communication

51 Communication involves:

Sender and Receiver
Message and Channel
Noise and feedback
*** all of the above

52 Logically rearrange these processes of rural development in order of procedure:

Situation analysis, formulation of objectives, Planning, Implementation, evaluation and reconsideration.

53 Which of these is not a way of improving rural development in Nigeria?

Participatory approach should not be used in project initiation, planning and implementation.

54 movement from one group to the other without any influence on the individual societal class is called:

Horizontal mobility

55 . A situation where a culture dominates and absorb other culture is known as:

Assimilation

56 The hierarchical ordering of people in society is termed:

Social stratification

57 􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦.. are ideas, principles, standards held by the
society as to what is important or good.

Values

58 A violation that does not lead to punishment is referred to as:

Folkways

59 An act that endangers the social existence of a group is known as:

Mores

60 Norms can be classified as:

Mores
Law
Folkways
***All of the above



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Jed
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Re: NOUN TMA Questions & Solutions: ARD201 - Principles of Agricultural Extension

Postby Jed » Tue Aug 20, 2019 7:23 am

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61 Superstition and taboo are elements of a:

Belief

62 the process by which deviance is eliminated or people made to conform to socio-cultural values, beliefs and customs of the society:

Social control

63 the process through which the social and cultural heritage is transmitted is termed:

Socialization

64 The control over others, which is not based on a person􀳦??s position but in the individual themselves.is referred to as:

Influence

65 Power can be categorized into two forms, namely:

Authority, Influence

66 A position or strata occupied by an individual in a system of social relationship is termed:

Status

67 People who eat together, take decisions together and have common social enterprise is an example of:

family

68 An active gathering of people involved in social relationships refers to:

Society

69 Rural communities are areas with:

High Population size

70 Which of these factors may not be used to classify rural communities?

Military prowess

71 Which of these factors can affect the effective performance of the duty of the extension agent?

The extension agents need not be provided the reuired materials

72 Which of these is not a specific role of agricultural extension?

Grains procurer

73 Technology can be classified into two major categories:

Material Technology, Knowledge-based technology

74 Which of these is not a principle of agricultural extension practitioner?

Principle of working with some of the family

75 Which of these is not a characteristic of an extension leader?

Emotional instability

76 The following are the functions of extension, except:

Forcing farmers to adopt new technology

77 Which of the following is not a limitation of agricultural extension in Nigeria?

High morale among the extension officers

78 Which of the following is not an importance of agricultural extension?

Receiving tax on behalf of government from farmers

79 Agricultural Extension has two dimensions:

Educational dimension, communication dimension
Communicational dimension, physical dimension
Physical Dimension, educational dimension
*** All of the above

80 Agricultural extension could be defined as a􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦out of school educational programme for􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦􀳦?􀳦 consisting of the relevant contents, principles and procedures.

Voluntary, Clientele





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