E-Exam Past Questions And Answers: GST203 - Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

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Jed
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E-Exam Past Questions And Answers: GST203 - Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

Postby Jed » Wed Aug 01, 2018 8:29 am

E-Exam Past Questions: GST203 - Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

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Q1 In the proposition "As soon as Mrs Ojewale arrives, she tidies the house", what is the premise?

Mrs Ojewa le arrives

Q2 Complete this sentence; An argument can never have more than one _________

conclusion

Q3 Any sentence expressing questions, commands, etc. does not qualify as logical statement.

True

Q4 All of these are vocabularies uesd in logic except_________

vicinity

Q5 The sentence: Africa is a great continent is a logical statement because________

the sentence can be asserted and can be denied

Q6 The process of derivation of a conclusion of an argument from the premise is known as ___________

inference

Q7 Words or expressions that indicate a premise or conclusion within an argument is called ____________

indica tor

Q8 In any valid argument, the conclusion follows from the _________

premise

Q9 Which of these is not a premise indicator?

thus

Q10 A statement, within an argument, which provides support for asserting the conclusion of that argument is reffered to as _________

premise

Q11 Which of these is a statement?

The sky is blue

Q12 A person who studies logic is called ________

logician

Q13 Traditional syllogism or Aristotelian logic deals only with __________________

cartegorical propositio n

Q14 All of these are importance of logic to an individual except _________

it helps an individual to learn strategies for thinking well
It helps to avoid common errors in reasoning
It is an effective technique for evaluating argu ment
***All of these

Q15 In Greek, 'logos' means _________

study

Q16 Formal logic is divided into methodology, metalogic and _________

Logic proper

Q17 Logic is important to other discipline because

other disciplines involve classification and ordering of things as well as reasoning and arguments

Q18 There is no way you can determine correct or incorrect reasoning without constructing ________

arguments

Q19 The only discipline that teaches how to formulate different types of arguments is called __________

logic

Q20 The act by which the mind affirms or denies something of something else is called __________

judgement

Q21 All of these constitute a logical process except

intuition

Q22 Logic is the study of _________

correct and incorrect reasoning and arguments

Q23 ________ are the components of sense experience theory

empiric ists

Q24 We ascribe authority to someone who ________

is a speciaalist ia particular field of knowledge

Q25 ________ is the theory which believes that human beings can acquire knowledge of reality by the use of our minds alone or pure reason

Rationalism

Q26 ________ is based on inner, personal certainty and conviction

belief

Q27 Which of thes is based on evidence?

Knowledge

Q28 Which of these is not a source of knowledge

Reason
Authori ty
Revelation and faith
***None of the above

Q29 In what way is philosophy different from religion?

A philosopher is always critical while a religionist is not

Q30 ________ is the knowledge obtained by observation and testing of facts

scie nce




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Jed
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Re: E-Exam Past Questions And Answers: GST203 - Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

Postby Jed » Wed Aug 01, 2018 8:32 am

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Q31 All of these are divergences between philosophy and science except

Both philosophy a nd science are motivated by sheer curiosity and the satisfaction of having knowledge

Q32 The part of ethics that deals with the logic and language of ethical concept and trms is reffered to as

Meta-ethics

Q33 ________ ethics prescribe what ought to be both for humans

normative

Q34 Ethics is interested with _________ questions

ontoligical

Q35 _________ is a general study of existence and reality

metaphysics

Q36 Episteme' in Greek means __________

know ledge

Q37 All except one is not a branch of philosophy

Algebraology

Q38 All of these gave the definitions of logic except ________

Ebou ssi

Q39 The science of good or bad reasoning is called ________

logic

Q40 The branch of philosophy which deals with the morality of human actions in society is referred to as

ethics

Q41 __________ argument s are those in which the premises do not lead to the conclusion with certainty

inductive

Q42 According to early Greek philosophers, all knowledge begins in ________

curiosity

Q43 Philosophy was also called the last science because _________

in order to under stand philosophy, we must, to s ome extent, have mastered the other sciences

Q44 In Greek, Sophia means ___________

wisd om

Q45 ________ regarded philosophy as the first and the last science

Aristotle

Q46 The birth and settlement of social sciences was hastened by the works of some of these philosophers except _________

Epicurus

Q47 _________ period can be considered as the 'take off' of "delivery" and settlement

20th century

Q48 Which of these best describes the reasons why philosophy is regarded as the parent discipline

philosophy seeks to know and this is the basis for all other disciplines

Q49 One of the reasons why the highest degree in arts and sciences, regardless of the special field of concentration, still bears the title of "Doctor of Philosophy" is __________

Philosophy is still seen as an encyclopedic discip line

Q50 __________ is the oldest child of philosophy

Science

Q51 The main purpose of Ionian philosopher was to ___________

know

Q52 One of these philosophers was credited with the eclipse of 585 B.C

Thales

Q53 According to academic philosophers, philosophy originated around ___________

late 5th century and ea rly century B.C

Q54 All but one of these statements are true

Philosophy as a discipline have a universal definition

Q55 According to academic philosophers, philosophy originated from the ancient

Greek City state

Q56 Which of these philosophers defined philosophy as the "love of Wisdom"

Pythagor as

Q57 Pythagoras was a __________

Greek philosopher

Q58 All of these are African philosophers except

Pythagoras

Q59 Which of these defines philosophy beginning from its origin ?

professional conception

Q60 All but one is the Layman's understanding of philosophy

the love of wisdom





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Jed
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Re: E-Exam Past Questions And Answers: GST203 - Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

Postby Jed » Wed Aug 01, 2018 8:35 am

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Q61 It is not easy to define philosophy because of the __________

complex nature of philosophy

Q62 Which of these defines philosophy as a discipline?

To wonder about life and about the fundamenta l problems of human existence

Q63 Words or expressions that indicate a premise or conclusion within an argument from the premise is known as____________

indica tor

Q64 The process of derivation of a conclusion of an argument from the premise is known as ___________

inference

Q65 The sentence: Africa is a great continent is a logical statement because________

the sentence can be asserted and can be denied

Q66 All of these are vocabularies uesd in logic except_________

quallocati on

Q67 __________ is an argument that contains at least three propositions

syllogism

Q68 Which of the these is not a porponent of modern logic?

Aristotle

Q69 What is the logical realtion that hold between this categorical statement ? Some leaders are followers/ Some leaders are not followers

They are sub- contraries

Q70 Sub - alternations, contraries anmd sub contraties are found in

Aristotelisn square of opposit ion

Q71 In logic, two propositions / statements are contraries if

they cannot boht be true but they can boht be false

Q72 The two types of logic we have are __________ and _____________

Aristotelian logic modern logic

Q73 What is the symbol of syllogism in question 18

second figu re

Q74 All Sadists are mean All art critics are mean . So, allort critics are sadists . What is the mood of the above syllogism?

AAA

Q75 In any standard categorical syllogism, the figure is specified by thje position of the _____________

middle term

Q76 The logical form of a categirical syllogism is determined by its

mood and f igure

Q77 We can say thaat a categorical syllogism is in standard form only and only if all of the following conditions are met except ?

The first premise contian the minor term

Q78 The middle term of a categorical syllogism is the _____________

term that occurs once in each p remise

Q79 All of these are important for evaluating categorical syllogisms except ?

disposition

Q80 In the proposition " All policemen take bribes " , the adjective 'All' is called a

quantifie r

Q81 " Bride price should not be abolished ". What type of categoriacl proposition is this ?

universal negative proposition

Q82 The statement " Human beings are mammals " is an example of ____________

universal affirmative proposition

Q83 In truth table analysis_________ is false in the situation in which the antecedent is true and the consequent is false

material conditional

Q84 __________________ is a statement that can both be denied or asserted

proposition

Q85 The golden rule when dealing with disjunction in truth table is that _____________

A disjunction is false if both its disjuncts are tru e

Q86 All the following can be asserted when treating disjunction in a truth table except __________

FF = T

Q87 "Time is the greatest container into which we pour our lives". The defect of this definition is

The definition is figurative

Q88 The statement after "and" in logic symbol stands for ____________

second conjuct

Q89 In logic symbol before the word "or" is called ______________

first disjunct

Q90 In the definition by Genus and difference, the word " definiendum " stands for the

word being defined





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Jed
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Re: E-Exam Past Questions And Answers: GST203 - Introduction to Philosophy and Logic

Postby Jed » Wed Aug 01, 2018 8:39 am

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Q91 Which of these definitions is one of the best way to reduce ambiguity or vagueness ?

Definition by ge nius and difference

Q92 When a writer or a speaker gives a word a new meaning or introduces a new word into the language , this definition is called ___________________

Stipulative definiton

Q93 The proposition: All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore Socrates is a mortal. This is an example of _______

cartegorical syllogism

Q94 When a fallacy arises as a result of lack of conformity with a type of valid argument, we say it is

purely lo gical

Q95 An error in reasoning that tends to be psychologically persuasive is called a __________

fallacy

Q96 Practically, before the period of L.A.D, ________ is used to communicate

sound

Q97 The true meaning of a symbol "double arrow" in logic is _____________

disjunction

Q98 L.A.D means ________ in Chomsky's structural Analysis of the Universals of Syntax

Language Acquisition Device

Q99 Which of these is a forerunner in the revolution of language in recent times?

Chomsky

Q100 Which function of language is used to evoke or propagate feelings or attitudes in human beings.
____________

Emotive

Q101 The symbol named "dot" in logic symbol stands for ____________

conjuction

Q102 All boys are dressed in trousers. Some girls are dressed in trousers. Therefore some girls are boys.
The above argument is said to be a/an ________

invalid argument

Q103 All Nigerians are Africans. All Africans are whites. Therefore all Nigerians are whites. In the above,
the argument is said to be

unsound argume nt

Q104 An argument is said to be ________ when all the premises are all true while the conclusion is false

inval id

Q105 The words 'sound' or 'unsound' are only used to qualify _________ arguments

valid arguments

Q106 The term major, middle and minor are used to describe ___________

cartegorical syllogism

Q107 When symbolising in logic, the symbol named "title" simply refers to ____________

negation

Q108 Which of these is one of the most appropriate way of proving an argument is valid or invalid ?

truth values analysis

Q109 ( A→B ) v (C v B) . Dtermine the truth value

true

Q110 " either Barack Obama or Hilary Clinton was a Democrat ( or both were ) ", true or false

True

Q111 What is the true value of this compound statement ' B→D' if B is true and D is false?

False

Q112 All of these are types of logical compound statment except ?

interjunction

Q113 In the definition by Genus and difference, the word " definiendum " stands for the
__________________

word being defined

Q114 Which of these is incorrect ?

The material conditional is said to be false when the antecedent is false and the consequent is true , otherwise it is true

Q115 In a logical staement , the symbol '→' can also be replaced by the symbol
____________

􀀀

Q116 Which of these is a constant in any logical statement ?

.

Q117 If B represents the statement " David killed the bear " and Q represents the statement " Sodiq is a moralist" The the conjunction of these two statement is

B . Q

Q118 Technically in logic, a grammatically correct symbolic expression is called a ___________________

Well-formed formula (WFF)

Q119 The symbol ' double arrow ' implies which of these ?

consequent

Q120 An argument or a syllogism with an unstated premise or unstated conclusion is called
______________

Enthymeme






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