NOUN POP Past Questions: PHS303 - Introduction To Clinical Laboratory Technique

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NOUN POP Past Questions: PHS303 - Introduction To Clinical Laboratory Technique

Postby Richtubor » Sun Dec 01, 2019 5:14 am

NOUN POP Past Questions: PHS303 - Introduction To Clinical Laboratory Technique



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SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2015 EXAMINATION

COURSE CODE: PHS303
COURSE TITLE : INTRODUCTION TO CLINICAL LABORATORY.
TIME ALLOWED: 2 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS.

(1) T he method of determining blood group is based on antigen-antibody agglutination reaction. Graphically(diagrammatically or in a table form) discuss the Tile method of blood grouping stating the Materials, procedures and Interpretation . 20marks
(a) Table (5mks)
(b) Materials (1mk)
(c ) Procedures (4mks)
(d) Interpretation (10mks)

(2a) Discuss fully the medical importance of drugs and dietary restrictions in the laboratory
Diagnosis(3mks) using six examples to illustrate your points (2mks each). 15marks
(b) One of the key factors upon which the clinical value of laboratory results depend, is the
integrity of the specimen collected. Discuss the five steps taken to avoid the contamination
of specimen meant for culture in a clinical laboratory using specific examples(2mks each) 10marks
(c) List five basic elements of management of any business or organization applicable to
Laboratory management (1mk each)
5marks
(3) Discuss in details transportation of clinical specimen under purposes and
Triple packaging using the format below: 20marks
(a) Background (2mks)
(b) Purposes (4mks)
(c ) Triple packaging (12mks)
(d) Conclusion(others) (2mks)






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Richtubor
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Re: NOUN POP Past Questions: PHS303 - Introduction To Clinical Laboratory Technique

Postby Richtubor » Sun Dec 01, 2019 5:15 am

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APRIL 2019 EXAMINATION

Programme: B.Sc. Public Health
Course Code: PHS303
Course Title: Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Techniques
Course Credit Units: 2 Units
Time Allowed: 2 Hours
Total Marks: 70 Marks
Instruction: Answer All the Questions

Q1.(a)Justifythe use of Laboratory Informaticsin clinical laboratory services. (5marks)
(b) Enumeratethree examples of Medical Test(3marks) and (c) five clinical specimens(5marks)
(d) Write short notes on:
(i) Standards for personnel safety in the laboratory (4marks)
(ii) Cuts and Pricks (4marks)
(iii) Health hazards. (4marks)

Q2.(a)Mention three (3) accidents that are common, even in the smallest clinical laboratory (3marks)
(b)List four(4) fire emergency measures(4marks)and one (1)fire extinguisher(1mark)that are operational in the clinical laboratory .
(c)Write short notes on:
(i) Corrosive substances (4marks)
(ii) Toxic and Irritating chemicals (4marks)
(iii) Carcinogenic chemicals (4marks)

Q3(a)State five (5) requirements that must be fulfilled in the receipt of specimens from the wards. (5marks)
(b)Describe management functions as applied in the clinical laboratory practice. (15marks)
(c)Mention five (5) areas of financial management that must be considered in the financial management of the clinical laboratory (5marks).





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Richtubor
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Re: NOUN POP Past Questions: PHS303 - Introduction To Clinical Laboratory Technique

Postby Richtubor » Sun Dec 01, 2019 5:16 am

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DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH

COURSE CODE: PHS303
COURSE TITLE: INTRODUCTION TO CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES
COURSE UNITS: 2CREDIT UNITS
TIME ALLOWED: 2 HOURS
TOTAL MARKS: 70 MARKS
INSTRUCTION: ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS
Q1.
Briefly discuss eight (8) laboratory precautionary measures (24marks)

Q2.
With examples, describe three (3) patient’s preparations prior to specimen collection (20marks)

Q3.
(a) Mention five (5) types of chromatographic technique (5marks)
(b)List two (2) types of centrifuge used in clinical laboratory (2marks)
(c) Outline the nine (9) procedures for urine microscopy. (9marks)
(d) Discuss five (5) essentials of building positive culture in the laboratory (10marks).






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Richtubor
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Re: NOUN POP Past Questions: PHS303 - Introduction To Clinical Laboratory Technique

Postby Richtubor » Sun Dec 01, 2019 5:16 am

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PHS 303 July, 2017, EXAM QUESTIONS.
PROGRAMME: BSc PUBLIC HEALTH
COURSE CODE: PHS 303
COURSE TITLE: INTRODUCTION TO CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES
COURSE UNITS: 2 CREDIT UNITS
TIME ALLOWED: 2 HOURS
TOTAL MARKS: 70%
INSTRUCTION: ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS

(1a) Physical examination is the process or a form of interaction between the health professional and the patient. Discuss point by point three issues that take place (12marks)
(1b)List four vital signs that are measured during the interaction (4marks)
(1c)Describe Mid Stream Urine specimen meant for microbiological culture (5marks)
(2a)The inevitable roles of medical laboratory tests in making diagnosis is corroborated by Tony(2010) who showed that over-reliance on physical examination alone can lead to missed diagnosis and poor disease outcome. Discuss the key elements of diagnostic skills under the following:
I. Data acquisition
II. Creation of mental abstraction
III. Generation of hypothesis
IV. Gathering of selection of illness script(8 marks)
(2b) One of the key factors upon which the clinical value of medical laboratory results depend, is the integrity of the specimen collected. Discuss the five steps taken to avoid the contamination of specimen meant for microbiological culture in a clinical laboratory using specific examples.
(10 Marks) (c) Write short notes on:
I. Chromatographic techniques
II. Centrifugation
III. Electrophoresis
IV. Giemsa staining technique (12 Marks)

(3a) Describe step by step how hidden blood can be detected in a sample of faecal specimen in the clinical laboratory. (10 Marks)
(3b) Discuss fully the medical importance of drugs and dietary restrictions in the laboratory diagnosis using six examples to illustrate your points (9 Marks.)




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Richtubor
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Re: NOUN POP Past Questions: PHS303 - Introduction To Clinical Laboratory Technique

Postby Richtubor » Sun Dec 01, 2019 5:17 am

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January-March 2018 EXAMINATION
PROGRAMME: BSc PUBLIC HEALTH
COURSE CODE: PHS 303
COURSE TITLE :INTRODUCTION TO CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES
COURSE UNITS: 2 CREDIT UNITS
TIME ALLOWED: 2 HOURS
TOTAL MARKS : 70%
INSTRUCTION: ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS
Q1.
a)Describe the financial management of a Clinical Laboratory 15marks

b)Discuss chromatographic technique and mention four examples 10marks

Q2.
a) Monitoring and evaluation of the entire Laboratory process depends on quality assurance programme and quality control. Discuss quality assurance and quality control programs in the Laboratory, mentioning and analyzing its three phases 10marks

b)Physical examination is the process or a form of interaction between the health professional and the patient. Discuss point by point three issues that take place 6marks.

c) List four vital signs that are measured during the interaction in (2b) 4marks

Q3.
a)Describe the microscopic examination of a faecal sample, mentioning the six possible things that can be sighted ` 18marks

b) List five basic elements of management of any business or organization applicable to Laboratory management 5marks.

c) List two materials required by Okokit kit 2marks




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Richtubor
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Re: NOUN POP Past Questions: PHS303 - Introduction To Clinical Laboratory Technique

Postby Richtubor » Sun Dec 01, 2019 5:19 am

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Course Code
phs303


Question
_________are dominant genetic diseases.

Answer
Huntingtons



Question
Recessive genetic diseases require the inheritance of________genes to be expressed.

Answer
Erroneous



Question
Cystic fibrosis is an example of inherited disease that is caused by a _______

Answer
Mutation



Question
__________is an example of inherited disease.

Answer
Down syndrome



Question
_________is an example of environmental/nutritional diseases.

Answer
Obesity



Question
_________are the leading cause of death globally.

Answer
NCDs



Question
_________is an example of re-emerging diseases.

Answer
Malaria



Question
Persons who have been exposed to Syphilis can be given_______to prevent the possibility of their developing Syphilis

Answer
Penicillin



Question
The last case of naturally occurring smallpox in a human was in the_______

Answer
Year 1977



Question
_______is the specialized application of information technology to optimize and extend laboratory operations

Answer
Lab informatics





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