2019_1 TMA Solutions: EDU321- Psychology Of Learning

Use past TMAs to deal with new TMAs and Exams
Adebisi
Posts: 932
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
Contact:

2019_1 TMA Solutions: EDU321- Psychology Of Learning

Postby Adebisi » Wed May 15, 2019 6:42 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


A student who fails and attributes the failure to the teachers difficult questions is said to be an
External locus person



Who invented programmed instruction?
Skinner


Which of these is not correct of incentive theory?
The theory relies on both biological and environmental factors as sources of motivation


One of the factors that aided the learning process in Thorndikes experiment is
The hungry state of the organism


The salivation which follows the sound of bell in Pavlovs experiment is known as
Conditioned response


One of these makes an individual to want to strive to overcome challenges, improve oneself, and attain excellence
Achievement motivation


The capstone of the hierarchy of needs theory is
Self actualization needs


Most aspects of human behaviour are
Learned


In cognitive theory of motivation, perception of the extent to which an individual can influence the outcome of a situation is referred to as
Controllability


An individual who possesses an internal locus is said to
See himself /herself as causing success or failure



Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788



Adebisi
Posts: 932
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
Contact:

Re: 2019_1 TMA Solutions: EDU321- Psychology Of Learning

Postby Adebisi » Wed May 15, 2019 6:50 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Choose the correct option
Ans: In operant conditioning the availability of the reinforcing agent is contingent on the response

Man is a philosopher before he is a psychologist this assertion was made by
Ans: Travers

When someone works for a long time on a problem with little success, which of these options is likely to happen following Kohlers concept of learning
Ans: The person might experience a flash of understanding

Which of these is not implied in Aristotle concept of learning
Ans: People learn and remember those things that are colourful

Which of these is a law governing learning
Ans: : Law of exercise

One of the following personalities is a basic reference in Gestalt psychology
Ans: Kohler

One of these is not a physiological need
Ans: Safety

Insightful learning is characterized by
Ans: All of the above

Instinctual behaviour means the same as
Ans: Inherited behavior

Pavlovs theory of learning is known as
Ans: Classical conditioning

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788
Adebisi
Posts: 932
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
Contact:

Re: 2019_1 TMA Solutions: EDU321- Psychology Of Learning

Postby Adebisi » Wed May 15, 2019 7:17 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Q1 For punishment to be effective

The punishment must come imm ediately after the undesirable response

Q2 The organism in Seligman􀳦??s experiment could not avoid the shock stimulus because

It had previously le arnt that it had no control over the shock

Q3 Operant behaviour means all of the following except

Opening behaviou r

Q4 The basic needs are

Deficiency needs
Survival needs
Primary needs
***All of the abov e

Q5 From his experiment, Thorndike concluded that all animals learn through all of these except

Perceptual process es

Q6 Which is not a form of learning

Maze learning
Language learn ing
Association learnin g
***None of the above

Q7 Who defined learning as a 􀳦??collection of experiences which a person progressively acquires to be regarded as educated in his /her society􀳦??

Olaitan

Q8 The role that reinforcement plays in observational learning is to

Enhance the learning process

Q9 One way a teacher can kill interest in learning is for the teacher

Encourage comparisons amo ng pupils

Q10 The schedule in which every response is reinforced is known as

Continuous schedule

Q11 Operant conditioning is

A process whereby an act is made more probable through reinforcement

Q12 Variable ratio and variable interval schedules of reinforcement are considered the best schedules because

They provide unpredictable reinforcement hence maintain behavio ur

Q13 One of these is not what problem behaviour is

Behaviour that digresses from what the minority approves of

Q14 One of these is not a criticism against Skinner􀳦??s theory

The theory􀳦??s implication on behaviour management

Q15 Which of these aptly describes Thorndike􀳦??s views of reward?

Learning is more effective under reward conditions

Q16 In Maslow􀳦??s view, behaviour is controlled by

Subjective environme nt created by the individual􀳦??s biased perception of what is going on around

Q17 The tradition of looking to the behaviour of lower animals to gain understanding of the behavior and experience of human beings stems from

Evolutionary biology

Q18 One of these theories indicate that some motivational forces are distinctly human

Hierarchy of needs theory

Q19 The importance of generalization is that

It broadens ability to react to a wide range o f related stimulus in the environment

Q20 The unconditioned stimulus (UCS) functions as a reinforcer because

It strengthens and maintains the bond between the CS and C R



Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788
Adebisi
Posts: 932
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
Contact:

Re: 2019_1 TMA Solutions: EDU321- Psychology Of Learning

Postby Adebisi » Wed May 15, 2019 7:19 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Q21 The role that reinforcement plays in observational learning is to

Enhance the learning process

Q22 Which is not a form of learning?

Maze learning
Language learn ing
Association learnin g
***None of the above

Q23 Which of these studies earned Pavlov his Nobel prize

Digestion

Q24 Classical conditioning theory is associated with

Pavlov

Q25 Which of these is incorrect regarding operant behaviour

The organism is passive

Q26 The behaviour of the organism in Skinner􀳦??s experiment whereby it learnt to peck following a reward in the presence of one stimulus rather than another is called

Stimulus discrimination

Q27 Which of these is not an operant behaviour

Breathin g

Q28 Of what use are secondary reinforcers

They are important becau se of their association with primary reinforcers

Q29 An example of primary reinforcer is

Food

Q30 The schedule of reinforcement is credited to

Skinne r

Q31 An individual who possesses an internal locus is said to

See himself /herself as causing success or fa ilure

Q32 Most aspects of human behaviour are

Learned

Q33 The salivation which follows the sound of bell in Pavlov􀳦??s experiment is known as

Conditioned response

Q34 The capstone of the hierarchy of needs theory is

Self actualization needs

Q35 Who invented programmed instruction?

Skinne r

Q36 Which of these is not correct of incentive theory?

The theory relies on both biological and environmental fa ctors as sources of motivation

Q37 One of the factors that aided the learning process in Thorndike􀳦??s experiment is

The hungry state of the organis m

Q38 One of these makes an individual to want to strive to overcome challenges, improve oneself, and attain excellence

Achievement motivation

Q39 In cognitive theory of motivation, perception of the extent to which an individual can influence the outcome of a situation is referred to as

Controlla bility

Q40 A student who fails an exam and attributes the failure to the teacher􀳦??s difficult questions is said to be an

External locus person





Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788
Adebisi
Posts: 932
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
Contact:

Re: 2019_1 TMA Solutions: EDU321- Psychology Of Learning

Postby Adebisi » Wed May 15, 2019 7:21 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Q41 When someone works for a long time on a problem with little success, which of these options is likely to happen following Kohler􀳦??s concept of learning

The person might experience a flash of under standing

Q42 Choose the correct option

In operant conditioning the a vailability of the reinforcing agent is contingent on the response

Q43 Pavlov􀳦??s theory of learning is known as

Classical conditioning

Q44 One of the following personalities is a basic reference in Gestalt psychology

Kohler

Q45 The hierarchy of needs theory implies that

Basic needs must be satisfied before higher nee ds are fulfilled

Q46 One of these is not a physiological need

Safety

Q47 Which of these is a law governing learning

Law of exercise

Q48 􀳦??Man is a philosopher before he is a psychologist􀳦?? this assertion was made by

Traver s

Q49 Instinctual behaviour means the same as

Inherited behaviou r

Q50 Which of these is not implied in Aristotle concept of learning

People learn and remember those things that are colourful

Q51 The organism used in Thorndike experiment was put inside a

Puzzle box

Q52 􀳦??When a modifiable connection is ready to act to do so is satisfying and when it is not ready to do so, it is unsatisfying􀳦??. This law is associated with the

Law of readiness

Q53 A child is called only when sometime had elapsed since he/she was last called for raising his /her hand. This schedule is known as

Fixed ratio

Q54 Who is associated with the phenomenon of learned helplessness

Seligman

Q55 This is not part of Bruner􀳦??s model of motivated behaviour

Needs

Q56 Insightful learning is characterized by

Sudden understanding after a period durin g which there was no understanding
Perception of relations
Organization and whol es in learning
***All of the above

Q57 When mere sight of food elicits salivation we say it acts as

Unconditioned stimul us

Q58 When an organism learns to salivate to different pitch of tones, the phenomenon is known as

Stimulus generalization

Q59 The word Gestalt means all of the following except

Size

Q60 Gestaltists believe learning occurs by

Insight





Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788

Adebisi
Posts: 932
Joined: Mon Nov 06, 2017 6:59 am
Contact:

Re: 2019_1 TMA Solutions: EDU321- Psychology Of Learning

Postby Adebisi » Wed May 15, 2019 7:22 am

Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Q61 The experimental animal used by Kohler was later called

Sultan

Q62 According to Aristotle, learning is

Association of ideas

Q63 The value of learning is primarily determined by

Society

Q64 Which of these is not implied in Gagne􀳦??s definition of learning

Change in perceptual processes

Q65 One of these is not a part of the basic processes necessary for observational learning

Reinforcem ent

Q66 Cognitive theory of motivation emphasizes

The role of thought processes in guiding behav iour

Q67 Which of these is not a part of basic needs

Esteem

Q68 All of these theories except one assume that humans are motivated the same way as lower animals

Hierarchy of needs theory

Q69 All of these are examples of extrinsic motivation except

Drive

Q70 The difference between a need and a drive is that

Need is physiological while drive is psychological

Q71 Instincts are but one of these

Natural urges
Innate tenden cies
Unlearned
***All of the a bove

Q72 Behaviour modification is

Application of Skinnerian pr inciples to alter human behaviour

Q73 Seligman in his experiment demonstrated a phenomenon known as

Learned helples sness

Q74 A child is called every third time he/she raises the hand. This schedule of reinforcement is known as

Fixed ratio

Q75 Schedule of reinforcement that has to do with passage of time is known as

Variable inter val

Q76 To many psychologists, learning is

Relatively permanent change in behaviour produced directly by experience

Q77 Kohler explained learning as

Perceptual processes

Q78 Which of these is not implied in Gagne􀳦??s definition of learning

Change in perceptual processes

Q79 Who is the proponent of observational learning theory

Bandura

Q80 Operant techniques can be helpful except in

The use of punishment as a correcting me asure





Solutions2tma@gmail.com
Whatsapp: 08155572788


Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests