GST103- Computer Fundamentals- Past Questions

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Richtubor
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GST103- Computer Fundamentals- Past Questions

Postby Richtubor » Thu May 16, 2019 4:10 pm

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1. In most software packages, the function key F1 is used to run the _____program.
Help
2. ________are peripheral devices used to digitize artwork, photographs, text, or other items
from hard copy.
Scanners
3. Expansion Slots on motherboards are for…….
Adapter Cards
4. The chips have data written on them during manufacturing that tells the CPU what to do when
the PC is switched on is referred to as
ROM
5. In Operating systems the primary interface between the user and the rest of the system is its
Command Interpreter
6. This short cut key combination deletes a line in most text documents.
CTRL + Y
7. _______ consists of expensive and very fast memory chips that store the data or instructions
that the CPU will look at next.
Cache Memory
8. Modern Computer Operating Systems may be classified into any the following except
Vitual
9. A series of coded instructions showing the logical steps the computer follows to solve a given
problem is called a
Programm
10. Computer program that accepts a source program in one high-level language, reads and
translates the entire user’s program into an equivalent program in machine language is referred to
Compiler
11. Assembly language has a one-to-one relationship with machine language, but uses symbols
and ______for particular items.
mnemonics
12. The acronym MIS stands for
Management Information System
13. A program is normally tested by executing with
test data
14. ____is a graphical representation of the major steps of work in process
Flowchart
15. This flowchart symbol is for
Decision making
16. This flowchart symbol is for
Junction point of program
17. An abstraction of a program to be executed on a physical machine is an
Algorithm
18. ____is a program design aid that serves the function of a flowchart in expressing the detailed
logic of a program.
Pseudocode
19.An unambiguous way of showing the actions to be taken when a given set of conditions occur is
by using a
Decision table
20. Computers and Information Technology is now applied in every field EXCEPT
None of the options
21. Computer is fast becoming the universal machine of the……..
21st century.
22. Early computers were ……………………… to be owned by individuals.
large in size and too expensive
23. The term ………… is referred to facts about a person, object or place e.g. name, age,
complexion, school, class, height etc.
Data
24. Is referred to as processed data or a meaningful statement e.g. Net pay of workers, examination
results of students, list of successful candidates in an examination or interview etc.
Information
25. The ……….. of data processing involves the use of chalk, wall, pen pencil and the like.
Manual method
26. The ……… of data processing involves the use of machines such as typewriter, roneo machines,
adding machines and the like.
Mechanical method
27. The computer has both ……… and ………. facilities for holding data and instructions. This
capacity varies from one machine to the other.
Internal and external storage
28. The computer ……….. comprises the input unit, the processing unit and the output unit.
Hardware
29. ……… are the series of instructions that enable the computer to perform a task or group of tasks
Computer software
30. ……………ranges from the building housing the other elements of the computing system namely
the computer and the users, the furniture, auxiliary devices such as the voltage stabilizer, the
Uninterruptible Power Supply System (UPS), the fans, the air conditioners etc
The computing environment




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Richtubor
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Re: GST103- Computer Fundamentals- Past Questions

Postby Richtubor » Thu May 16, 2019 4:10 pm

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31. The earliest attempt to build an electronic computer was by, a professor of physics and
mathematics at Iowa State, in 1937.
J. V. Atanasoff
32. A second early electronic machine was Colossus, designed by Alan Turning for the British
military in 1943.
Alan Turning
33. The first general purpose programmable electronic computer was the Electronic Numerical
Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), built by ………… and ………. at the University of
Pennysylvania.
J. Presper Eckert and John V. Mauchly
34. HTML stands for ……………….
Hypertext Mark-up Language
35. WWW stands for…….
World Wide Web
36. The …….. is a global network of computers that are able to communicate with one another.
Internet
37. The web lets you …….. or ……… from one web p age to other pages on the web.
jump or hyperlink
38. Computer as a ………… is being applied to almost every area of human society.
Universal machine
39. One of the areas in which computer has been applied intensively and extensively is the…………..
Military
40. The business of governance is a ……… business.
Serious
41. Computer application is now felt in traffic control and …………..
Vehicle maintenance.
42. CNN stands for………….
Cabled Network News
43. Computer application in ………….. has led to the use of computer terminals at home.
Communications
44. The ……………………. now provides faster, more convenient and cheaper electronic flow of
information than the telephone, fax and telex transmission.
Electronic mail service
45. The most dramatic computer application is witnessed in the ………. and communications sectors.
Transport
46. The delivery of health care facilities has been one of the notable areas in which computer
applications have proved most beneficial to mankind.
Health care facilities
47. The computer is used in the diagnosis and physiological monitoring of patients life during
surgical operation and intensive care programme.
Physiological
48. Computer is commonly used to find the accurate solutions to both ……… and ………. problems.
scientific and engineering
49. The computer is used to find solution to very complex …………. and statistical computations at
incredible speed and accuracy.
Mathematical
50. Computer technology has changed the face of …….. and ……… through its various applications.
business and industry
51. Information and ………. replace capital and energy as the primary wealth-creating assets.
Knowledge
52. The computer is used to …………… the foreign exchange rates of major currencies.
Calculate
53. CAD stands for ……..
Computer Aided Designs
54. A ………………………… involves a computerized system of data processing procedures which
are integrated in an organisation to provide accurate, complete, concise, timely and effective data
which management can use at various level of decision making for planning, organizing,
directing, controlling and monitoring procedures.
Management Information System
55. MIS stands for…………….
Management Information System
56. The computer is used as a tool by ……… to report accurately on the transaction register which
constitutes the most crucial aspect in the audit trail.
Auditors
57. ……………. preparation is essentially a repetitive and a routine task which has to be done
periodically.
Payroll
58. Computers were originally meant to assist in scientific and engineering ………..
Applications
59. Computers have been applied in virtually all fields of human ………………
Endeavour
60. The field of ………….. provides the most fascinating application of computing system.
Education




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Richtubor
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Re: GST103- Computer Fundamentals- Past Questions

Postby Richtubor » Thu May 16, 2019 4:11 pm

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61. Computer has become a universal tool of any modern man (or woman).
Universal
62. All incoming mail messages are stored in the……………..
Inbox
63. Microsoft Outlook provides an electronic mail tool called the …………….
Outlook Inbox.
64. …………………. is a network feature that has no equivalent in standalone computing.
Electronic mail
65. A ……………is basically an electronic bulletin board where messages are left for others to see
and respond to if necessary…… Newsgroup
66. Newsgroup messages are stored on Internet servers, called ………………….
News Servers
67. URL stands for …………………….
Uniform Resource Locator
68. POP stands for…………….
Point of Presence
69. MoDem stands for……………
MODulator -DEModulator
70. HTTP stands for………………..
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
71. A computer that uses the services of another computer is a…………..
Client
72. A ……………. multi-user collection of information.
Database
73. BBS stands for………….
Bulleting board system
74. ISP stands for……………………
Internet Service Providers
75. All home pages have what is called an …………………
Internet Address
76. The Internet is a global network of interconnected computer networks.
Interconnected
77. Computer Network can be categorised into two …………… and ……………
wired network and wireless network
78. Hyperlinks are ………… or ……………… words and graphics that have web addresses.
underlined or bordered
79. …………….. is a different colour from the rest of the text in a web site.
Hyperlink text
80. A ……………. is a software tool that you use to look at web pages.
Browser
81. ………. is a global network of computers that are able to communicate with one another.
The Internet
82. A …….. only has a range of approximately one-kilometre.
LAN
83. WAN stands for…………….
Wide Area Networks
84. LAN stands for…………………..
Local Area Network
85. When two or more computers are interconnected this is generally referred to as a …………
Network
86. MAN stands for……………………………..
Metropolitan Area Network
87. The ……………… enables you to create and edit text effects by using the available options.
WordArt toolbar
88. The …………….. button provides access to over 150 shapes.
AutoShapes
89. The …………… is one of the default toolbars displayed when you start PowerPoint.
Drawing toolbar
90. ……………..enables you to create drawn objects using a set of tools located on the Drawing
toolbar.
PowerPoint




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Richtubor
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Re: GST103- Computer Fundamentals- Past Questions

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91. To use PowerPoint, you must load the program from the hard disk into the………………..
computer’s memory
92. ………………. is an application program used to create presentations.
PowerPoint
93. The ……………. enables you to view your printouts on screen before you print them.
Print Preview command
94. The …………… is the gray background behind the chart.
plot area
95. A quick way to print your whole worksheet is to click on the print button on the…………….
standard toolbar
96. All default print options are listed in the ………………….
Print dialog box
97. Text entries are left aligned while numeric entries and calculated results are right aligned.
right aligned
98. Each time you click on the ……………….. button, an extra decimal place is displayed to the
right of the decimal point.
Increase Decimal
99. Each time you click on the ………………….. button, one decimal place fewer is displayed.
Decrease Decimal
100. You can use Excel’s built-in formats to change the appearance of numbers.
built-in formats
101. A ………. is a group adjacent cells that forms a rectangular shape.
Range
102. When you launch Excel, you see a new, blank workbook called ……….
Book 1
103. A workbook can be saved temporary in the …………
Computer memory
104. A workbook can be saved permanently on the ……………….
Disk
105. The Excel worksheet consists of various ………………….
Elements
106. Excel is a software application that provides an………………….. or worksheet environment.
electronic spreadsheet
107. Working with a ……………………. can be complicated and time consuming
paper spreadsheet
108. Paper spreadsheets have limited functionality because they are ……………
Static
109. A …………….. consists of information written in tabular form.
Spreadsheet
110. It is possible to change the appearance and position of text by applying various ………………
formatting options
111. …………………………. can be used to emphasize text in a document.
Character formats.
112. The …………………. places a copy of a file on disk into an active document window.
File, Open command
113. Text files can be created and modified with the aid of a special program called an ……….
Editor
114. WYSIWYG stands for ………….
What-You-See-Is-What-You-Get
115. To use Word, you must load the program from the hard disk into the …………………………
computer’s memory
116. Word processing is the use of computers to create, revise, and save documents for printing and
future retrieval.
Word processing
117. A ………….. is a graphical representation of the major steps of work in process. It displays in
separate boxes the essential steps of the program and shows by means of arrows the directions of
information flow.
Flowchart
118. ……….. is a program design aid that serves the function of a flowchart in expressing the
detailed logic of a program.
Pseudocode
119. …………… tables are used to analyze a problem.
Decision
120. ………………. is a set of rules for carrying out calculation either by hand or a machine.
An algorithm





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Richtubor
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Re: GST103- Computer Fundamentals- Past Questions

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121. ………. section contains a list of the possible actions which could apply for any given
combinations of conditions.
Action Stub
122. …….. section contains the different combination of the conditions each combination being
given a number termed a ‘Rule’
Condition Entry
123. …………… section contains a list of all possible conditions which could apply in a particular
problem.
Conditions Stub
124. The digital computer does not do any thinking and cannot make ………………
unplanned decisions
125. Flowcharts are drawn with the help of ……………
Symbols
126. ……………. of the program should be developed at every stage of the programming cycle.
Documentation
127. …………… is the printout of the contents of the computers storage locations.
Storage dump
128. The purpose of …………….. is to determine whether a program consistently produces correct
or expected results.
Testing
129. ……………. is caused by faulty logic in the design of the program.
Logic errors
130. ………………… is caused by mistake in coding.
Syntax errors
131. …………………. is the process of locating and correcting errors.
Debugging
132. A ……………….. needs to thoroughly understand what is required of a problem.
Programmer
133. ……… means the Program must do what it is supposed to do correctly and must meet the
criteria laid down in its specification.
Accuracy
134. ………. Means the Program must always do what it is supposed to do, and never crash.
Reliability
135. …….. means optimal utilization of resources is essential. The program must use the available
storage space and other resources in such as way that the system speed is not wasted.
Efficiency
136. ……………. Means the Program should cope with invalid data and not stop without an
indication of the cause of the source of error.
Robustness
137. …………. Means the Program must be easy enough to use and be well documented.
Usability
138. ………….. means the Program must be easy to amend having good structuring and
documentation.
Maintainability
139. …………….. means the Code of a program must be well laid out and explained with comments.
Readability
140. The computer is a general-purpose machine with a remarkable ability to process …………..
Information
141. Computer programming is both ……….. and …………..
an art and a science
142. In a high level language one specifies the logical procedures that have to be performed to
achieve a ………….
Result
143. Machine language is the binary language and its made up of only ……. and …….
0s and 1s
144. …………….. has a one-to-one relationship with machine language, but uses symbols and
mnemonics for particular items.
Assembly language
145. ……….. programming languages are means by which programmers manipulate the computer.
Computer
146. ……………. have evolved from the machine language to assembly language, high level
language and very high level programming language.
Programming languages
147. 4GL stands for……………..
Fourth Generation Language
148. The ………… are not designed by the programmer but by the fourth generation software itself.
program flows
149. A ……………… or …………….. that assists computer users to write their own programs by
expanding simple statements into program code.
program generator or application generator
150. The difficulty of programming and the time required to program computers in assembly
languages and machine languages led to the development of …………………………….
high-level languages.





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Richtubor
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Re: GST103- Computer Fundamentals- Past Questions

Postby Richtubor » Thu May 16, 2019 4:14 pm

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151. ………………. allow the computer to change the sequence of execution of instruction,
depending on conditions built into the program by the programmer.
Logic instructions
152. An …………….. directs the computer to accept data from a specific input device and store it in
a specific location in the store.
input instruction
153. The ………………… tells the computer what to do such as add, subtract, multiply and divide.
operation code
154. Basically, human beings cannot ……… or……… in computer language.
speak or write
155. A computer must be ……………….. to respond to a specific instruction.
Programmed
156. The …………….. is a suit of programs written by programmers for computer users.
User programs
157. ………… are packages that contain a lot of games for children and adults. Examples are Chess,
Scrabble, Monopoly, Tune 100 57 Trivia, Star Trek 2, California Game, Soccer Game, War
Game, Spy Catcher Dracula in London.
Game packages
158. ………… are packages that can be used to produce books and documents in standard form.
Desktop publishing
159. ………….. are packages that can be used to solve statistical problems, e.g. Stat graphical, SPSS.
Statistical packages
160. SPSS stands for ……………………..
Statistical packages for social scientists.
161. ………………. is software for designing, setting up and subsequently managing a database.
Database packages
162. …………………. are packages that enable you to bring out images, diagrams and pictures.
Graphical packages
163. ……………….. are programs or packages that perform a variety of different processing
operations using data that is compatible with whatever operation is being carried out.
Integrated packages
164. ………… an application mainly designed for numerical figures and reports.
Spreadsheet
165. A ……………………….. is used to create, edit, save and print reports.
Word Processor
166. ………………………… is a set of programs designed to solve problems of a specific nature.
Application software
167. …………… include programs to clear areas of storage, writing file labels and updating common
data.
Housekeeping Operations
168. ………… makes an exact copy of a file from one medium to another or from an area of a
medium to another area of the same medium.
File copy
169. File Conversion covers data transfer from any medium to another, making an exact copy or
simultaneously ………………. And ……………..
editing and validating.
170. Utility Software is a set of commonly used programs in data processing departments also called
service or …………………….
general-purpose programs.
171. An …………. is a computer program that accepts a source program in assembly language
program reads and translates the entire program into an equivalent program in machine language.
Assembler
172. An Interpreter is a program that accepts program fin a source language, reads, translates and
executes it, line by lone into …………………….
machine language
173. A Compiler is a computer program that accepts a source program in one high-level language,
reads and translates the entire user’s program into an equivalent program in machine language,
called the object program or ………………
object code
174. The suites of languages that translate other languages to machine language are called
……………….
Language Translator
175. One of the most important component of an operating system is its …………………….
command interpreter
176. A ………………. provides the user with access to the various resources the system maintains.
distributed system
177. A distributed system is a collection of ………… that do not share memory or a clock.
Processors
178…………… refers to a mechanism for controlling the access of programs, processes, or users to
the resources defined by a computer controls to be imposed, together with some means of
enforcement.
Protection
179. A file is a collection of related information defined by its ……………
Creator
180. ……………….. is one of the most visible services of an operating system.
File management__



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